warholstars.org

Warholstars.org Sources

Below is a list of the sources used for the main section of warholstars.org and the codes for the titles.
For instance, the citation "(AA13)" indicates page 13 of the book, After Andy: Soho in the Eighties. Scroll down for footnotes for "Andy Warhol Pre-Pop," and sources for "Andy Warhol: From Nowhere to Up There" and "Abstract Expressionism." If the link is out of date, copy the URL from your browser and paste it into the WayBack Machine at archive.org.

AA: Paul Taylor, After Andy: Soho in the Eighties (Melbourne: Schwartz City, 1995)

AAT: Archive of American Television, Emmy TV Legends, Charles Lisanby Archive Interview Part 2 of 6.

AB: Andy Warhol, The Philosophy of Andy Warhol (From A to B and Back Again) (NY: Harcourt, Brace, Jovanovich, 1975)

AC: Julia Hastings (designer) and Phaidon editors, Andy Warhol Giant Size (NY: Phaidon Press, 2006)

AD: Callie Angell, Andy Warhol Screen Tests: The Films of Andy Warhol Catalogue Raisonne (Vol. 1) (NY: Abrams in association with the Whitney Museum of American Art, 2006)

AE: Sotheby's auction catalogue, The Andy Warhol Collection: Americana and European and American Paintings, Drawings and Prints (1988)

AF: Germano Celant, Andy Warhol: A Factory (Ostfildern: Hatje, 1999)

AFI: American Film Institute Catalog: Feature Films 1961-1970 (Berkeley, Los Angeles and London: University of California Press, 1997 (originally published 1976 by R.R. Bowker Company)

AG: P. Adams Sitney, Visionary Film: The American Avant-Garde (NY: Oxford University Press, 1974)

AI: David Ebony, "Walter Hopps, 1932-2005," Art in America, May 2005

AM: Bob Smith (dir.), Andy Makes a Movie, filmed in May 1968

AN: G.R. Swenson, "What is Pop Art?," Art News, November 1963

ANW: G.R. Swenson, "What is Pop Art? Part II," Art News, February 1964, pp. 40-41

AO: Email dated October 20, 2008.

AP: Henry Geldzahler, American Painting in the 20th Century (NY: Metropolitan Museum of Art, 1965)

AS: Sarah Kent, "Aftershock," Time Out London, April 9 - 16, 2003

ASA: Andrew Sarris, "Films in Focus" [Review of L'Amour], Village Voice, 31 May 1973, p. 73.

ASAR: Andrew Sarris, “Films,” The Village Voice, December 15, 1966

ASL: John Wilcock, The Autobiography and Sex Life of Andy Warhol (NY: Other Scenes, 1971)

AT: Matt Wrbican and Geralyn Huxley, Andy Warhol Treasures (London: Goodman, 2009)

ATP: Billy Name (photos), Dave Hickey (text), Collier Schorr (interviewer), All Tomorrow's Parties: Billy Name's Photographs of Andy Warhol's Factory (London: Frieze, 1997)

AU: John Cale and Victor Bockris, What's Welsh for Zen: The Autobiography of John Cale (NY/London: Bloomsbury Publishing, 1999)

AV: Avis Berman, "The Transformations of Roy Lichtenstein: an oral history," in Michael Juul Holm, Poul Erik Tøjner and Martin Caiger-Smith (eds.), Roy Lichtenstein: All About Art (Humlebæk, Denmark: Louisiana Museum of Modern Art, 2003), pp. 114 - 133

AWC: John Coplans, Andy Warhol, (NY: NY Graphic Society, ca. 1971)

AWD: Pat Hackett (ed.), The Andy Warhol Diaries (NY: Warner Books, 1989)

AWM: The Andy Warhol Museum staff, Andy Warhol 365 Takes (NY: Harry N Abrams, 2004)

AWMU: Tom Armstrong (foreword), essays by Callie Angell, Avis Berman, Arthur C. Danto, Mark Francis et al., The Andy Warhol Museum (NY: Distributed Art Publishers, 1994)

AWP: Andy Warhol, Andy Warhol Photography (Thalwil: Edition Stemmle, 1999)

B: Billy Name

BA: Phoebe Hoban, Basquiat, A Quick Killing in Art (NY: Viking, 1998)

BAM: Brooklyn Academy of Music

BB: Vincent Fremont and Sally Dunn Fremont (dirs.), Pie in the Sky: The Brigid Berlin Story DVD, NY: New Video Group, 2001

BBF: "Broker Beat: Fredericks tells of Renovations, Warhol's Toupé," (accessed 2 November 2012)

BBFC1: Case Studies: Trash, (Accessed April 2016)

BBM: Julian Palacios, Beck: Beautiful Monstrosity (London: Boxtree Publs., 2000)

BBP: Dagon James, Vincent Fremont, Anastasia Rygle (eds.), Brigid Berlin Polaroids (London: Reel Art Press Ltd., 2015)

BBR: Rob Jovanovic, Beck! On A Backwards River (London: Virgin Publishing, 2000)

BC: Bob Colacello, Holy Terror: Andy Warhol Close Up (NY: Harper Collins, 1990)

BCR: Bosley Crowther, "Screen: 'My Hustler' Opens at Hudson: Warhol Work Made Up of 2 Conversations," The New York Times, 11 July 1967

BD: Clinton Heylin, Bob Dylan: Behind the Shades Revisited (NY: Viking, 2000)

BE: Benjamin H.D. Buchloh, "Andy Warhol's One-Dimensional Art: 1956 - 1966" in Annette Michelson (ed.) October Files 2 (Cambridge: The MIT Press, 2001), pp. 1 - 46 (Originally published in Andy Warhol: A Retrospective (New York: Museum of Modern Art, 1989)

BF: David Frost (interviewer) Breakfast with Frost (TV), David Frost interviews Tracey Emin, 30 May 2004 (London)

BH: Bibbe Hansen

BHO: Brian Holt, “Narcissus in Hades,” Art and Artists, February 1967

BL: Barbara Haskell, Blam! The Explosion of Pop, Minimalism and Performance 1958 - 1964, (NY: Whitney Museum of American Art in association with W.W. Norton & Company, 1984)

BLF: Brian L. Frye, "The Dialectic of Obscenity," Hamline Law Review, Vol. 35, Issue 1, pp. 229-278.

BLFS: Brian L. Frye, "Interview with Jonas Mekas," Senses of Cinema, Issue 17, November 2001 (accessed 28 May 2014)

BM: Barry Blinderman, "Modern Myths: Andy Warhol," Arts, October 1981 reprinted in Kenneth Goldsmith (ed.), I'll Be Your Mirror: The Selected Andy Warhol Interviews, 1962 - 1987 (New York: Carroll & Graf Publishers, 2004), pp. 290-300.

BMB: Barry Miles, William S. Burroughs: A Life (London: Weidenfeld & Nicholson, 2014)

BMC: Blue Movie by Andy Warhol: The complete dialogue with over 100 photos (NY: Grove Press, 1970)

BN: Debra Miller, Billy Name: Stills from the Warhol Films (NY: Prestel-Verlag, 1994)

BP: Bennard B. Perlman, "The Education of Andy Warhol," in The Andy Warhol Museum (NY: Distributed Art Publishers, Inc, 1994)

BR: Barbara Rose, Claes Oldenburg (NY:Museum of Modern Art, 1970)

BS: Hugo Vickers (ed.), Beaton in the Sixties: More Unexpurgated Diaries (London: Phoenix, 2004)

BX: Boxes: Exhibition at the Dwan Gallery exhibition catalogue in the collection of the Walker Art Center.

C: Craig Highberger (dir.), Superstar in a Housedress: The Life and Times of Jackie Curtis DVD and Book (NY: Penguin, 2005)

CA: Callie Angell

CAD: Callie Angell, "Doubling the Screen: Andy Warhol's Outer and Inner Space, Millennium Film Journal No. 38, Spring 2002

CANNES: “Andy Warhol at the Cannes Film Festival, Phaidon website

CB: Callie Angell lecture, Andy Warhol film series, ICA London, August 7, 2007

CBN: Christopher Bollen, "New Wave Cinema," Interview magazine

CBR: Andrea Brown, "Charles 'Bill' Rydell (1926 - 2018)," Jerome Foundation News, April 2, 2018 (accessed April 4, 2018)

CC: Wendell C. Stone, Caffe Cino: The Birthplace of Off-Off-Broadway (Carbondale: Southern Illinois University Press, 2005)

CCK: Interview with Taylor Mead and Tom Hompertz/Interviewed by Claire Clouzet (Broadcast on KPFA on 16 December 1968)

CD: Jeremiah Newton, Francesca Passalacqua and D.E. Hardy (eds.), My Face for the World to See: The Diaries, Letters and Drawings of Candy Darling, Andy Warhol Superstar (Honolulu: Hardy Marks Publications, 1997)

CH: Clinton Heylin (ed.), All Yesterdays' Parties: The Velvet Underground in Print 1966-1971 (Da Capo Press, 2006)

CL: "Calendar Live," L.A. Times, May 2, 2002.

CM: Cinematographer

CN: John Palmer and David Weisman (dirs.) Ciao! Manhattan DVD (NY:Plexiflim, 2002) (Filmed from Easter Sunday 1967 - January 1971)

CNB: Ciao Manhattan DVD booklet

CO: Craig Outhier, "Saddles for Warhol," Phoenix Magazine, March 2012

COA: Germano Celant, Dieter Koepplin, Mark Rosenthal, Claes Oldenburg: An Anthology (NY: Guggenheim Museum Publications, 1995)

CP: Chris Rodley (dir.), Andy Warhol: The Complete Picture (World of Wonder/Channel 4, 2001)

CR: Carter Ratcliff, Andy Warhol (NY: Abbeville Publ., 1983)

CS: Scott MacDonald, Cinema 16: Documents Toward a History of the Film Society (Philadelphia: Temple University Press, 2002)

CW: Natalie Edgar (ed.), Club without Walls: Selections from the Journals of Philip Pavia (NY: Midmarch Arts Press, 2007)

DB: David Bourdon, Warhol (NY: Harry N. Abrams Inc., 1989)

DBS: Dawn B. Sova, Banned Plays (NY: Facts On File, Inc., 2004)

DC: David Curtis, “Knokke Experimental Film Festival Report,” International Times, No. 24, January 19, 1968, p. 13

DCI: Michael Mazière, “Interview with David Curtis

DD: Paul Alexander, Death and Disaster: The Rise of the Warhol Empire and the Race for Andy's Millions (NY: Villard Books, 1994)

DDA: Deborah Davis, The Trip: Andy Warhol's Plastic Fantastic Cross-Country Adventure (NY: Atria Books, 2015)

DH: Jon Wilde, “How I survived heroin, a serial killer and losing all my money – to play Glastonbury… at 68: Debbie Harry on her amazing career,” Mail on Sunday (London), June 14, 2014

DHB: Debbie Harry, Chris Stein, Victor Bockris, Making Tracks: The Rise of Blondie (Boston, MA: Da Capo press, 1998)

DJ: David E. James (ed.), To Free the Cinema: Jonas Mekas &The New York Underground (Princeton, N.J.: Princeton University Press, 1992)

DJM: David E. James, The Most Typical Avant-Garde: History and Geography of Minor Cinemas in Los Angeles (London: University of California Press, Ltd., 2005)

DK: David Kaufman, "The Roots of the Ridiculous," The New York Times, September 24, 1989.

DM: David McCabe (photog.) and David Dalton (text), A Year in the Life of Andy Warhol (NY: Phaidon, 2003)

DP: Diane Di Prima, Recollections of My Life as a Woman: The New York Years (NY: Penguin, 2002)

DQ: Diane di Prima Papers Biographical Notes (University of Louisville) (accessed January 2009)

DS: Donna de Salvo, Ray Johnson: Correspondences (Paris: Flammarion, 1999)

DT: Donna de Salvo et. al, "Success is a job in New York..." The Early Art and Business of Andy Warhol (NY: Grey Art Gallery and Study Center and The Carnegie Museum of Art, 1989)

DW: Patrick J. Webster, "In the Factory: Dylan and Warhol's World," published in Michael Gray and John Bauldie (eds.), All Across the Telegraph, A Bob Dylan Handbook (London: Futura Publications, 1988)

EB: Ebay

EDIE: Jean Stein with George Plimpton (eds.), Edie, An American Biography (NY:Alfred A. Knopf, 1982)

EG: Ethan Getto

ER: Elaine Rusinko, "'We Are All Warhol's Children': Andy and the Rusyns," The Carl Beck Papers in Russsian and East European Studies, No. 2204, November 2012 (Pittsburgh: University Library System, University of Pittsburgh)

ES: "Edie Sedgwick, Warhol Star, 28: Lead in Artist's 1965-66 Films Dies of Overdose," The New York Times, November 23, 1971, p. 45

EV: Barney Rosset (ed.), The Evergreen Review Reader: 1967 - 1973 (NY: Four Walls Eight Windows, 1998)

EX: Gerda Johanna Cammaer, "EXPRMNTL 3 / Knokke-le-Zoute 1963: Flaming Creatures, Raving Features," SYNOPTIQUE - An Online Journal of Film and Moving Image Studies, 14 March 2005 (Accessed: 26 April 2014)

FA: The Face magazine, March 1985, London

FAH: Breanne Fahs, Valerie Solanas: The defiant life of the woman who wrote SCUM (and shot Andy Warhol) (NY: The Feminist Press, 2014)

FAW: Callie Angell, The Films of Andy Warhol Part II (NY: Whitney Museum of Art, 1994)

FB: Diane di Prima and LeRoi Jones (eds), The Floating Bear: a newsletter (La Jolla: Laurence McGilvery, 1973)

FF: Films and Filming magazine, August 1969 (Hansom Books, London)

FFP: The Film Foundation: Filmmakers for Film Preservation, Listing for Passion in a Seaside Slum screening at The Egyptian, 29 April 2012

FJ: Frayda Feldman and Jorg Schellman, Andy Warhol Prints: A Catalogue Raisonné 1962 - 1987 (Third edition revised and expanded by Frayda Feldman and Claudia Defendi) (Edition Schellmann at Schirmer/Mosel Verlag, Ronald Feldman Fine Arts/The Andy Warhol Foundation for the Visual Arts, Inc., rev. ed. 1997)

FJB: Frayda Feldman and Jorg Schellman, Andy Warhol Prints: A Catalogue Raisonné 1962 – 1987 (Fourth edition revised and expanded by Frayda Feldman and Claudia Defendi) (Edition Schellmann at Schirmer/Mosel Verlag, Ronald Feldman Fine Arts/The Andy Warhol Foundation for the Visual Arts, Inc., 2003)

FL: Christopher Luna (ed.), The Flame is Ours: The Letters of Stan Brakhage and Michael McClure 1961 - 1978 (Guerneville, California: Big Bridge Press, 2011)

FM: Steven Watson, Factory Made: Warhol and the Sixties (NY: Pantheon, 2003)

FPM: Maurice Yacowar, The Films of Paul Morrissey (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1993)

FS: Callie Angell, "Andy Warhol: Outer and Inner Space in Geralyn Huxley et. al., From Stills to Motion and Back Again: Texts on Andy Warhol's Screen Tests & Outer and Inner Space (Vancouver: Presentation House Gallery, 2003)

GAB: Barry Miles, Ginsberg: A Biography (London: Virgin Publishing Ltd., 2000)

GB: Harriet Vyner Groovy Bob: The Life and Times of Robert Fraser (London: Faber & Faber, Ltd., 1999)

GBA: Gordon Baldwin (25 September 2006)

GE: Gene Youngblood, Expanded Cinema (NY: P. Dutton & Co., 1970)

GF: Melissa Painter and David Weisman, Edie Girl on Fire (San Francisco, Chronicle Books, 2006)

GFL: Guy Flatley, "How to Become a Superstar - And Get Paid, Too," The New York Times, Arts & Leisure Section, 31 December 1967, p. 57

GG: Gary Garrison, Charles Ludlam bio in Billy J. Harbin, Kim Marra, and Robert A. Schanke, eds., The Gay and Lesbian Theatrical Legacy (University of Michigan Press, 2005), pp. 257-260

GH: Geoffrey Hendricks, Critical Mass: Happenings, Fluxus, Performance, Intermedia and Rutgers University 1958-1972 (New Brunswick, N.J.: Rutgers University Press, 2003)

GI: Gary Indiana, Andy Warhol and The Can that Sold the World (NY: Basic Books, 2010)

GJG: John Giorno, "My 15 Minutes," The Guardian (London), Thursday February 14, 2002

GM: Gerard Malanga (photos), Patrick Remy (ed.) and Marc Parent (ed.) Gerard Malanga: Screen Tests, Portraits, Nudes 1964 - 1996 (Gottingen: Steidle, 2000)

GML: Gerard Malanga lecture, ICA, London, April 6, 2002

GMW: Gerard Malanga, Archiving Warhol: Writings and Photographs (NY: Creation Books, 2002)

GN: Glyn Davis and Gary Needham (eds.), Warhol in Ten Takes (London: Palgrave Macmillan on behalf of the British Film Institute, 2013)

GNF: Joel Cooper (interviewer) and Nat Finkelstein (interviewee), "My 15 Minutes," The Guardian newspaper (London), Wednesday February 13, 2002

GO: Jimmy McDonough, The Ghastly One: The Sex-Gore Netherworld of Filmmaker Andy Milligan (Chicago Review Press, 2001)

GP: Planet Group Entertainment, "The Gerard Malanga Interview"

GR: Gino Rizzo, "'Toward Eroticizing All Thought'" [Letter to the Editor], The New York Times, January 5, 1969, p. D6

GS: Charles C. Eldredge, et al., “Gene Swenson: Retrospective for a Critic” (exh. cat.), The Register of the Museum of Art, Volume IV, Numbers 6-7, The University of Kansas

GU: Mary Woronov, "My 15 Minutes with Andy," The Guardian newspaper (London), Saturday July 21, 2001

GU2: Fiachra Gibbons, "Hirst Buys His Art Back From Saatchi," The Guardian newspaper (London), November 27, 2003

GU3: Charlott Higgins and Vikram Dodd, "50 Years of British Art Lies In Ashes," The Guardian newspaper (London), May 27, 2004

GV: Sally Banes, Greenwich Village 1963: Avant-Garde Performance and the Effervescent Body (NY: Duke University Press, 1993)

GW: Caroline Roux, "Caroline Rake's Progress," The Guardian Weekend magazine (London) Saturday September 21, 2002

GY: Genevieve Yue, "Jonas Mekas," Senses of Cinema website
(accessed January 2009)

HA: Larissa Harris and Media Farzin (eds.), 13 Most Wanted Men: Andy Warhol and the 1964 World’s Fair exh. cat. (NY: Queens Museum, 2014)

HB: Anthony T. Mazzola and Charlie Scheips (Foreword), Andy Warhol: The Bazaar Years 1951 - 1964 (NY: Hearst Corporation)

HK: Hilton Kramer, "The Sadness of Ray Johnson in Big New Whitney Show," The New York Observer (February 7, 1999)

HR: Yvonne Sewall-Ruskin, High on Rebellion: Inside the Underground at Max's Kansas City (NY: Thunders Mouth Press, 1998)

HRK: Yvonne Sewall-Ruskin, High on Rebellion: Inside the Underground at Max’s Kansas City (NY: Open Road, 2016, Kindle ed. (Instead of page numbers there are location numbers which refer to the Kindle edition on an Iphone 6s plus)

HT: Howard Thompson, "Movie Review - Bike Boy (1967): More Warhol - 'Bike Boy' Opens at the Hudson Theater," The New York Times, 6 October 1967

HTA: Howard Thompson, "Movie Review - I a Man (1967): The Screen: Andy Warhol's 'I, a Man' at the Hudson," The New York Times, 25 August 1967

HW: Holly Woodlawn with Jeff Copeland, A Low Life in High Heels: The Holly Woodlawn Story (NY: St. Martins Press, 1991)

I11: Andy Warhol's Interview magazine, November 2001

IAP: Andy Warhol's Interview magazine, April 1973

IB1: IBDB

IB2: IBDB

IB3: IBDB

IB4: IBDB

IDC: Andy Warhol's Interview magazine, December 1974

IFB: Andy Warhol's Interview magazine, February 1975

IJY: Andy Warhol's Interview magazine, July 1973

IMY: Andy Warhol's Interview magazine, May 1973.

IMDB: Internet Movie Database

IS: Irving Sandler, A Sweeper-Up After Artists (London: Thames & Hudson, 2004)

ISS: Roberta Smith, "Ileana Sonnabend Dies; Art World Figure was 92," The New York Times, October 24, 2007

IW: Ian Willoughby, "Exhibition turns spotlight on Andy Warhol's origins," Czech Position, 24 January 2011, (accessed 21 July 2013)

J: Joe Preston - cousin to Jackie Curtis (who was also Joe's godfather)

JC: David Revill, The Roaring Silence: John Cage: A Life (NY: Arcade Publishing, 1992)

JCC: Jackie Curtis website

JCP: Craig B. Highberger (ed.), Jackie Curtis Plays and Poetry (Alabama: Highberger Media Inc., 2015) (Kindle edition on iPhone 6s)

JCR: Jayne County with Rupert Smith, Man Enough to be a Woman (London: Serpent’s Tail, 1996)

JD: Sally Banes, Democracy's Body: Judson Dance Theater, 1962-1964 (Durham and London: Duke University Press, 1993)

JDC: Jean Dominique Carre archives, Andy Warhol.

JEH: John Edward Heys collection (1969 – 2009), NY Public Library Archives and Manuscripts, MssCol 1394 (accessed April 2016)

JG: John Giorno, You Got to Burn and Shine: New and Selected Writing (NY: High Risk, 1994)

JH: J. Hoberman, On Jack Smith's Flaming Creatures and Other Secret Flix of Cinemaroc (NY: Hips Road, 2001)

JHA: J. Hoberman, "A Warhol Film Surfaces, but Is It His?," The New York Times, 18 January 2013.

JHT: J. Hoberman, "Taylor Mead, the Original Underground Movie Star, Dies at 88," BlouinArtInfo International, 9 May 2013,

JI: Joy I. Payne, Reel Rebels: The London Film-makers’ Co-operative 1966 to 1996 (Bloomington, IN: AuthorHouse UK, 2015) (Page nos. refer to Kindle edition on iPhone 6s plus)

JJ: Kirk Varnedoe (ed.) and Christel Hollevoet (compiler), Jasper Johns: Writings, Sketchbook Notes, Interviews (NY: The Museum of Modern Art, 1996)

JJM: J.J. Murphy, The Black Hole of the Camera: The Films of Andy Warhol (London: University of California Press, 2012)

JJO: Jill Johnston, Autobiography in Search of a Father Volume II: Paper Daughter (NY: Alfred A. Knopf, 1985)

JJR: Kirk Varnedoe, Jasper Johns: A Retrospective (exh. cat.) (NY: The Museum of Modern Art, 1996)

JM: Jonas Mekas, Movie Journal: The Rise of a New American Cinema, 1959-1971 (New York: Collier Books, 1972)

JMF: Film-makers’ Coop online catalogue: Jonas Mekas (accessed 15 September 2016)

JMN: Jonas Mekas, I Had Nowhere to Go (NY: Black Thistle Press, 1991)

JMO: Aileen Torres, "Pioneer of American avant-garde film soldiers on," Downtown Express (NY: NYC Community Media LLC) , Vol. 16, Issue 38, 20-26 February, 2004

JMSB: "A Conversation between Jonas Mekas and Stan Brakhage," Logos, Volume 2, Issue 2, Spring 2003 (Accessed May 2014)

JMV: Jonas Mekas, "Movie Journal" The Village Voice, 5 October 1961, p. 13.

JOE: MIchael Ferguson, Little Joe, Superstar: The Films of Joe Dallesandro (California: Companion Press, 1998)

JOEB: Michael Ferguson, Joe Dallesandro: Warhol Superstar, Underground Film Icon, Actor (Publ. by the author, 2011)

JOEK: Michael Ferguson, Joe Dallesandro, Warhol Superstar, Underground Film Icon, Actor (NY: Integrated Media, 2011) (Page nos. refer to Kindle edition on iphone 6s plus)

JP: Jean-Pierre Lenoir, "Paris Impressed by Warhol Show," The New York Times, May 13, 1965, p. 34

JR: John Richardson, Sacred Monsters, Sacred Masters (London: Pimlico, 2002)

JRC: Jacob R. Clark

JS: Edward Leffingwell, Carole Kismaric, Marvin Hoffman (eds.), Jack Smith: Flaming Creature, His Amazing Life and Times (London: Serpent's Tail, 1997)

JSW1: Invoice from Michael-Hue-Williams to Joe Simon, 25 August 1989

JSW2: Agreement between De Greve Fine Art and Joe Simon, 16 July 2001

JSW3: "To Whom It May Concern" letter from Jonathan O'Hara, 4 December 2001

JSW4: Michael Shnayerson, "Judging Andy," Vanity Fair, November 2003

JSW5: Case Action Complaint and Jury Demand, Case No. 6423, US District Court, Southern District of New York, "Joe Simon-Whelan, Plaintiff against The Andy Warhol Foundation for the Visual arts, Inc, the Estate of Andy Warhol, Vincent Fremont, Individually and Successor Executor for the Estate of Andy Warhol, Vincent Fremont Enterprises, the Andy Warhol Art Authentication Board, Inc., John Does 1-20.., Defendants."

JSW6: Letter to the Andy Warhol Art Authentication Board from Paul Morrissey, 1 November 2002

JSW7: Letter from the Andy Warhol Art Authentication Board to Richard Ekstract, 29 October 2004

JSW8: Transcript of tape-recorded conversations about the video equipment between Warhol and his colleagues with notes by Joe Simon-Whelan

JSW9: Richard Dorment, "What Andy Warhol Did," The New York Review of Books, April 7, 2011

JSW10: Statement by Herman P. Meyers, 2 November 2002

JSW11: Statement by Gustave (Gus) Hunkele, 12 January 2004

JSW12: "To Whom It May Concern" letter from Peter Palazzo, 25 January 2005

JSW14: Paul Morrissey deposition, 16 June 2010

JSW15: Letter from the Andy Warhol Art Authentication Board, Inc. to Richard Ekstract, 29 October 2004

JSW16: Hi-Fi Buyers Guide, no. 788, 1966, mid-year edition

JSW17: Joel Wachs, Richard Ekstract, Richard Polsky, David Mearns, Richard Dorment, "'What is an Andy Warhol?': An Exchange," New York Review of Books, 19 November 2009.

JT: John Tytell, The Living Theatre: Art, Exile and Outrage (London: Methuen Drama, 1997)

JW: John Wilcock, Christopher Trela (ed.), The Autobiography and Sex Life of Andy Warhol (NY: Trela, LLC, 2010)

KA: Simon Hattenstone, "Kenneth Anger: 'No, I am not a Satinist'," The Guardian, March 10, 2010

KE: Douglas Kellner, Baudrillard: A Critical Reader (London: Blackwell Publishing, 1994)

KG: Kenneth Goldsmith (ed.) I'll Be Your Mirror: The Selected Andy Warhol Interviews (NY: Carroll & Graf, 2004)

KT: Tom Wolfe, The Kandy-Kolored Tangerine-Flake Streamline Baby (London: Picador, 1981)

LA: Lawrence Alloway, "The Development of British Pop," in Lucy R. Lippard, Pop Art (London: Thames & Hudson, 2001 - originally published 1966), pp. 27 - 50

LB: Fred Lawrence Guiles, Loner at the Ball: The Life of Andy Warhol (London: Black Swan, 1990)

LC: Jasper Johns Gallery Exhibitions, Leo Castelli Gallery (Accessed 17 October 2016)

LD: Victor Bockris, The Life and Death of Andy Warhol (London: Fourth Estate Ltd., 1998)

LF: Landmarks Foundation Newsletter, Volume 2, Spring 2001

LL: Leonard Leff, “Theater: Warhol’s Pork,” Art in America, Vol. 60, no. 1, January – February 1972

LM: La Mama Archives Digital Collections, Individual: Jaime DeCarlo Lotts, (Accessed May 2016)

LR: Victor Bockris, Lou Reed: The Biography (Fully Revised Edition) (London: Vintage, 1995)

LT: Kristine McKenna, "Beck's First Sampling," Los Angeles Times, May 3, 1998

LT: Jean-Hubert Martin, Andy Warhol: The Late Work (Prestel, 2004)

LU: Lucy R. Lippard, Pop Art (London: Thames & Hudson, Ltd., 2001)

M: Mark Lancaster

MA: La Mama website

MAC: Mary Ann Caws, Jerome Hill: Living the Arts (St. Paul, Minnesota: Jerome Foundation, 2005)

MB: Marc Balet

MBR: Michael Brooke, Ferman, James (1930 – 2002), BFI Screen Online (Accessed April 2016)

MC: Michael McClure, "Michael McClure lecture about the origins of theater," July 31, 1989

MCA: MCA Education Kit: Sam Taylor Wood (Museum of Contemporary Art 2006)

MF: Mark Francis (ed), Andy Warhol. The Late Work. exh. cat. (Prestel Verlag, 2004)

MG: All Movie Guide

MH: Martin Heidegger, "On the Origin of the Work of Art,"

MI: Michael Boosin (Correspondence January/February 2007)

MK: Matthias Kunz, "An Interview with Charles Lisanby," in Andy Warhol, A Trip Around the World 1956: Asia Drawings (Munich: Sabine Knust, 2006)

MHO: Marjorie Holt, “The Chelsea Girls: Warhol’s Rendezvous with Cinema,” The Cornell Daily Sun, December 15, 1966

MKR: Margia Kramer, Andy Warhol et al: The FBI File on Andy Warhol (NY: UnSub Press, 1988)

ML: Marco Livingstone, Pop Art, A Continuing History (London: Thames & Hudson, Ltd., 2000)

MLR: Melba LaRose

MMI: Jane Edwardes, "Michael McClure: Interview," Time Out (London), July 18, 2006

MO: Michael Oren, "USCO: 'Getting Out of Your Mind to Use Your Head," Art Journal, Winter 2010

MP: "Walter Hopps (1932–2005)," The Menil Collection Press Release

MS: Michael Smith correspondence, January 17, 2006

MSC: The Museum of Modern Art, Press Release no. 43, for release Wednesday, April 18, 1962, "Rosenthal Film Awards."

MT: Martin Torgoff: Can’t Find My Way Home: America in the Great Stoned Age, 1945 – 2000 (NY: Simon and Shuster, 2004)

MW: Mary Woronov, Swimming Underground: My Years in the Warhol Factory (London: Serpent's Tail, 2000)

MWC: Mary Woronov website

MWS: Matt Wrbican summary, July 16, 2012

MX: Gary Indiana, "Mary Woronov," Interview magazine (NY: Brant Publications, Inc.) June-July, 2008, p. 95

MZ: Mario Zonta and Walter Martyn Cabell (co-directors), A Look on the Wild Side (short film), 2002 (accessed April 2016)

NC: New Cinema Club, Andy Warhol’s Chelsea Girls blurb

NF: Nat Finkelstein, Andy Warhol: The Factory Years, 1964-1967 (Edinburgh: Canongate Books, 1999)

NFP: National Film Preservation Foundation, "2011 Avant-Garde Masters Grants Announced by the NFPF and the Film Foundation," San Francisco, 10 August 2011

NG: Norman R. Glick (3 July 2007)

NI: Susan Ofteringer (dir.), Nico Icon DVD (Fox Lorber, 1995)

NJ: Judith Christ, "The Real Joanne Woodward Stands Up," New York Magazine, 23 September 1968

NL: Jack Sargeant, Naked Lens: Beat Cinema (London: Creation Books, 1997)

NR: Nan Rosenthal, "Let Us Now Praise Famous Men: Warhol as Art Director," in Gary Garrels (ed.), The Work of Andy Warhol, Dia Art Foundation, Discussions in Contemporary Culture, Number 3 (Seattle: Bay Press, 1989), pp. 34-51

NS: James Young, Nico: Songs They Never Play on the Radio (London: Bloomsbury Publ., 1992)

NT

NYD: New York Daily News/Columnists/July 20, 2004

NYT1: Horacio Silva "Remembrance of Things Ast," NY Times, February 24, 2002

NYT2: David Carr, "A Half Century of Avant-Garde Memories," NY Times, June 15, 2003

NYT3: Kay Larson, "Billy Kluver, 76, an Engineer Who Collaborate With Artists, Dies," NY Times, January 13, 2004.

NYT4: Howard Thompson, "Screen: 3 Visit Pig Butchery in Fontaine's 'Double Pisces Scorpio Rising,'" NY Times, September 14, 1970.

NYO: Simon Doonan, "Mommy, Andy and Me," New York Observer, May 14, 2001, p. 15

OC: Ondine Chavoya, “Michel Auder: Chronicles and Other Scenes 2005,” on occasion of the exhibition “Michel Auder: Chronicles and Other Scenes,” organized by Lisa Dorin and C. Ondine Chavoya, was held at the Williams College Museum of Art, February 14 – May 23, 2004

OP: Michael O'Pray (ed.), Andy Warhol Film Factory (London: British Film Institute, 1989)

OV: Eva Meyer-Hermann (ed.), Andy Warhol, A Guide to 706 Items in 2 Hours 56 Minutes (Rotterdam: NAi Publishers, 2007)

PA: P. Adams Sitney (ed.), Film Culture Reader (NY: Cooper Square Press, 2000)

PC: Steven Henry Madoff (ed.), Pop Art: A Critical History (University of California Press, 1997)

PCS: Please Come to the Show: Invitations and Event Flyers form the MoMA Library, organized by David Senior

PG: Betsy Ennis, "Walter Hopps Named Adjunct Senior Curator...," (Press Release), Guggenheim Museum, March 20, 2001

PGH: Paul Goldberger, "Henry Geldzahler, 59, Critic, Public Official And Contemporary Art's Champion, Is Dead," New York Times, 17 August 1994

PH: Phoebe Hoban, Art: Radio Free Tribeca," NY Times, May 23, 2004

PK: Jim Edwards, David E. Brauer, Christopher Finch, Walter Hopps, Pop Art: US/UK Connections: 1956-1966 (Ostfildern-Ruit: Hatje Cantz Verlag, 2001)

PL: Dick Porter and Kris Needs, Blondie: Parallel Lives (London: Omnibus Press, 2012) (Instead of page numbers there are location numbers which refer to the Kindle edition on an Iphone 6s plus)

PM: Legs McNeil and Gillian McCain, Please Kill Me: The Uncensored Oral History of Punk (London: Abacus, 1997)

PMA: Paul Maréchal, Andy Warhol: The Record Covers 1949-1987 Catalogue Raisonné (The Montreal Museum of Fine Arts/Prestel Publishing Ltd., 2008)

PO: John Gruen, The Party's Over Now (NY: The Viking Press, 1972)

POP: Andy Warhol and Pat Hackett, Popism: The Warhol Sixties (NY: Harcourt Brace, 1980)

PP: The Complete Reprint of Physique Pictorial: 1951 - 1990 (Taschen Verlag, 1997)

PS: Patrick S. Smith, Andy Warhol's Art and Films (Michigan: UMI Research Press, 1986)

PT: Kelly M. Cresap, Pop Trickster Fool: Warhol Performs Naivete (Chicago: U. of Illinois Press, 2004)

PTA: Parker Tyler, Underground Film: A Critical History (NY: Da Capo Press, 1995)

QU: Rosalind Constable, "New York's Avantgarde, And How it Got There," The Sunday Herald Tribune Magazine (New York), May 17, 1964, p. 10 as quoted in Ernst Beyeler, Georg Frei, "Introduction," in Andy Warhol Series and Singles exh. cat. (Reihen/Basel: Fondation Beyeler, 2000) p. 12. The quote has also appeared in some sources as "If a man takes 50 Campbell's soup cans and puts them on canvas, it is not the retinal image that concerns us. What interests us is the concept that wants to put 50 Campbell's soup cans on a a canvas." Samuel A. Green also used the quote in the exhibition catalogue of "Andy Warhol" at the Institute of Contemporary Art, University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia (October 8 - November 21, 1965.) The quote also later appeared in Rainer Crone, Andy Warhol (London: Thames and Hudson Ltd, 1970).

R: Ryan Hill, Paul America's nephew

RA: Mary Lynn Kotz, Rauschenberg Art/Life (NY:Harry N. Abrams, 2004)

RAC: The Racquette, The State University of New York at Potsdam, Potsdam NY, Sept. 29, 2001

RB: Roslyn Bernstein & Shael Shapiro, Illegal Living: 80 Wooster Street and the Evolution of Soho (Vilnius, Lithuania: Jono Meko Fondas (Jonas Mekas Foundation), 2010

RC: Rainer Crone (translated from German by John William Gabriel), Andy Warhol (London: Thames and Hudson, Ltd., 1970)

RE: Bill Wilson (aka William S. Wilson), "Retrospections on West 23rd Street," June 15, 2006.

RG: Regan Wheat, SRISA Contemporary Art Gallery

RH: Richard Hamilton

RH1: Ryan Hill, Paul America's nephew, email dated December 2, 2007

RI: Deborah Soloman, "The Way We Live Now: 12-01-02: Questions for Robert Indiana, The New York Times, December 1, 2002, p. 623


RK: Richard Kostelanetz, The Theatre of Mixed Means. (London: Pitman Publishing, 1970)

RN: George Frei and Neil Prinz, The Andy Warhol Catalogue Raisonné: Paintings and Sculpture 1961-1963 Vol. 1 (NY: Phaidon Press, 2002)

RNA: George Frei and Neil Prinz, The Andy Warhol Catalogue Raisonné: Paintings and Sculpture 1964-1969 Vol. 2A (NY: Phaidon Press, 2004)

RNB: George Frei and Neil Prinz, The Andy Warhol Catalogue Raisonné: Paintings and Sculpture 1964-1969 Vol. 2B (NY: Phaidon Press, 2004)

RO: Branden Wayne Joseph, Robert Rauschenberg, Random Order: Robert Rauschenberg and the Neo-avant-garde (MIT Press, 2003)

RP: Robert Patrick correspondence, January 13, 2006, January 16, 2006, May 5, 2009 May 6, 2009 and June 27, 2009.

RR: Richard Craven

RRP

RS: Andy Warhol and Truman Capote, "Sunday with Mr. C.: An Audio Documentary by Andy Warhol," Rolling Stone magazine, April 12, 1973

RT: Ronald Tavel

RTD: John Strausbaugh, Rock 'Til You Drop: The Decline from Rebellion to Nostalgia (London: Verso, 2002)

RW: Reva Wolf, Andy Warhol, Poetry, and Gossip in the 1960s (The University of Chicago Press, 1997)

S: Susan Pile

SA: "Samuel M. Green, Art Professor, 85," Obituaries, New York Times, April 19, 1995

SB: Stephen J. Bottoms, Playing Underground: A Critical History of the 1960s Off-Off Broadway Movement (Ann Arbor: The University of Michigan Press, 2006)

SC: Tony Scherman and David Dalton, Pop: The Genius of Andy Warhol (HarperCollins Publishers, 2009)

SD: David Patrick Columbia, New York Social Diary, March 14, 2011

SDS: “San Diego Surf at MOMA,” Andy Warhol Museum (accessed July 2, 2016)

SF: Sam Green as told to Janet Midwinter, "I wasn't to blame for heiress murder, says art expert depicted on screen in 'incest threesome,' Daily Mail, 12 July 2008


SG: Stephen Koch, Stargazer: The Life, World and Films of Andy Warhol (NY: Marion Boyars, 1991)

SH: Ronald Tavel, Shower, (012.pdf)

SHU: Mark Shulgasser and Lee Hoiby (emails 10 July 2010/14 July 2010)

SI: Jeffrey Slonim, "Site Specific," Madison Magazine, August 1999.

SK: Søren Kierkegaard, "Repetition: An Essay in Experimental Psychology by Constantine Constantius" in M.G. Piety (transl. and notes) and Edward F. Mooney (intro. and notes), Repetition and Philosophical Crumbs (Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2009)

SKA: Steven Kasher (ed.), Max’s Kansas City (NY: Abrams Image, 2010) (Published in conjunction with an exhibition at the Steven Kasher Gallery

SL: Anthony Haden-Guest, Studio 54: The Legend (NY: Te Neues, 1997)

SK: Christine Vachon, Shooting to Kill (London: Bloomsbury, 1998)

SM: Smoking Gun website

SN: "In Memoriam: Eric Emerson," The Soho Weekly News, Thursday, June 5, 1975

SR: Steve Rogers, “Fun with David and Andy,” CD booklet for Bailey On series (Network DVD)

SS: Steven Gaines, "Sometimes a Somebody," Vanity Fair, January 1987, pp. 85- 88, 98-100

SSD: "Same Sex/Different Sex: Queer Identity and Culture," Alternative Projects, A Project of Los Angeles FilmForum, co-presented with OutFest

ST: The Sunday Telegraph Magazine (London), June 24, 2001

STM: Waldemar Januszczak, "Famous for 527,040 Minutes," The Sunday Times Magazine (London), October 20, 1996

STR: Stephen Tropiano

STS: Richard Calvocoressi, "Many Faces of America on the Wall," Sunday Times Scotland, January 4, 2004

STT: Sissi Tax, "in conversation: Taylor Mead," The Brooklyn Rail, May 2004

SU: Germano Celant (ed.) Super Warhol, (Milano: Skira Editore S.p.A., 2003)

SW: Interview tapes by Steven Watson for Factory-Made: Warhol and the Sixties.

TA: Lawrence Alloway, Topics in American Art Since 1945 (NY: W.W. Norton & Company Inc., 1975)

TAR: Thom Anderson, "The 60's Without Compromise: Watching Warhol's Films," Rouge 8 magazine, 2006

TI: The Andy Warhol Museum (ed.), Time Capsule 21 and Its Contents (Cologne: DuMont Literatur und Kunst Verlag, 2003)

TK: Thomas Kiedrowski

TKA: Thomas Kiedrowski, Andy Warhol's New York City: Four Walks Uptown to Downtown (NY: The Little Bookroom, 2011)

TM: Tate Modern Events brochure, February - March 2002

TO: Grace Glueck, "5-Ton Head from Easter Island is Put on a Pedestal," The New York Times (NY: October 22, 1968, p. 49)

TR: Ronald Tavel, "The Theatre of The Ridiculous and Underground Films: Andy Warhol, Jack Smith," (Ronald Tavel/beginning)

TS: Sally Banes, Terpsichore in Sneakers: Post-Modern Dance (Middletown, CT: Wesleyan University Press, 1987)

TT: Matt Wrbican, "The True Story of 'My True Story'" in Eva Meyer-Hermann, Andy Warhol: A Guide to 706 Items in 2 Hours 56 Minutes: Other Voices Other Rooms (exh. cat.) (Rotterdam: NAi Publishers, 2007), pp. 56 - 57

UT: Victor Bockris and Gerard Malanga, Uptight: The Story of the Velvet Underground (Omnibus Press, 1983)

UV: Ultra Violet (Isabelle Collin Dufresne), Famous for 15 Minutes: My Years with Andy Warhol (NY: Harcourt Brace Jovanovich, 1988)

UW: John O' Connor and Benjamin Liu, Unseen Warhol (NY: Rizzoli, 1996)

VC: Vincent Canby, "Movie Review: L'Amour," New York Times, 11 May 1973

VF: Vincent Fremont, "Brigid Berlin," Interview magazine (NY: Brant Publications, Inc.) June-July, 2008, pp. 92-3

VS: Vito Schnabel, "Factory Workers Warholites Remember: Rene Ricard," Interview magazine,

VT: Andy Warhol's Video and Television: Whitney Museum of American Art, February 22 - March 22, 1991, Exhibition pamphlet.

VTR: Variety Staff, "Review: Trash" (Variety magazine, 31 December 1969)

VWB: Visions of Warhol VHS booklet, Re:Voir Video

VY: Lynne Tillman and Stephen Shore, Velvet Years: Warhol's Factory 1965-1967 (London: Pavilion Books Ltd, 1995)

VV: "Village Voice Obies 1967"

VVM: C. Carr, "Buried Alive," Village Voice, October 22, 2002

VVR: Village '65 Revisited (Letter to the Editor), Village Voice, July 27, 1982

W: Matt Wrbican, The Warhol museum archivist

WA: Sarah Whitfield, et. al., "What Is a Warhol?: An Exchange," New York Review of Books, 17 December 2009

WC: Patrick S. Smith, Warhol: Conversations about the Artist (Ann Arbor: UMI Research Press, 1988)

WF: Andy Warhol's Fifteen Minutes

WI: Colin MacCabe, Mark Francis and Peter Woolen, Who is Andy Warhol? (British Film Institute & The Andy Warhol Museum, 1997)

WK: Walter Kerr, "Theater in Judson Church/'If I May Denture to Be So Told...'," The New York Times, December 1, 1968, p. D-3

WPL: Yvonne Shinhoster Lamb, "Walter Hopps; Curator Of 20th-Century Art," Washington Post, March 22, 2005, p. B06

WPR: Paul Richard, "Walter Hopps, Museum Man With a Talent For Talent," Washington Post, March 22, 2005, p. C01

WSW: William S. Wilson

WW: James Marsh (dir.), Walk on the Wild Side (BBC Arena, 1993)

X1: Anonymous

Footnotes for "Andy Warhol Pre-Pop" by Gary Comenas

PAGE 1

1. Chuck Workman (dir.), Superstar: The Life and Times of Andy Warhol, Marilyn Lewis Entertainment, Ltd., 1990.

2. Heather Robinson, "Philip Pearlstein Exhibition," New York Press, November 2 - 8, 2005, vol. 18, issue 44,

3. Dr. Leslie Timeline, Timelines

4. Billy Name and Matt Wrbican correspondence, September 3 - 4, 2004.

5. Ilana Stanger, Philip Pearlstein [Interview]

6. Chris Rodley (dir.), Interview with Joan Fenton, Andy Warhol: The Complete Picture (2002). [Documentary on the life of Andy Warhol for Channel 4 in the U.K.]

7. Tina S. Fredericks, "Remembering Andy/An Introduction," Jesse Kornbluth, Pre-Pop Warhol (NY: Panache Press at Random House, Inc., 1988), p. 10.

8. Donna M. De Salvo, Beth S. Gersh-Nesic, Ellen Lupton, J. Abbott Miller, "Chronology," in Donna M. De Salvo (ed.), Success is a job in New York... The Early Art and Business of Andy Warhol (exh. cat. published jointly by the Grey Art Gallery and Study Center and The Carnegie Museum of Art, 1989), p. 86.

9. Chris Rodley (dir.), Interview with Vito Giallo, Andy Warhol: The Complete Picture (see above).

10. Patrick S. Smith, Warhol: Conversations about the Artist (Ann Arbor: UMI Research Press, 1988) p. 340.

11. Pompidou Centre Surrealist resource (Accessed October 2005).

12. Dawn Ades, "Dada and Surrealism," Nikos Stangos (ed.), Concepts of Modern Art (London: Thames and Hudson Inc., 1981), p. 128.

14. Smith, Warhol: Conversations..., p. 57.

15. Kurt Schwitters, "Merz," Der Ararat (Munich, 1921) translated by Ralph Manheim in Robert Motherwell (ed.), The Dada Painters and Poets (2nd edition) (Boston: G.K. Hall, 1981) p. 58.

16. André Breton, "Marcel Duchamp," originallly published in Litterature (October 1922) and included in André Breton, Les Pas Perdus (Paris: Librairie Gallimard, 1924), translated by Ralph Manheim in Motherwell, p. 210.

17. Smith, Warhol: Conversations about the Artist, p. 336.

17b. Ibid, p. 19.

18. Bennard B. Perlman, "The Education of Andy Warhol," The Andy Warhol Museum (NY: Distributed Art Publishers, 1994), p. 158.

19. Ibid, p. 148

20. Smith, Warhol: Conversations about the Artist, p. 342.

21. David Bourdon, Warhol (NY: Harry N. Abrams, Inc., 1989), p. 30.

21b. Patrick S. Smith correspondence, December 31, 2005.

22. Perlman, p. 150.

23. Ibid, p. 163.

24. Ibid, p. 164.

25. Fred Lawrence Guiles, Loner at the Ball: The Life of Andy Warhol (London: Black Swan, 1989), p. 39.

PAGE 2

1. David Bourdon, Warhol (NY: Harry N. Abrams, Inc., 1989), p. 28.

2. Allana Lindgren, From Automatism to Modern Dance: Françoise Sullivan with Franziska Boas in New York (Toronto: Dance Collection Danse, 2003), p. 79.

3. Leonard Lopate, "Interview with Philip Pearlstein, Alessandra Esposito and Joyce Robinson," The Leonard Lopate Show, WNYC radio station, June 24, 2004.

4. Irving Sandler, A Sweeper-Up After Artists (London: Thames & Hudson Ltd., 2004), p. 140.

5. Fred Lawrence Guiles, Loner at the Ball: The Life of Andy Warhol (London: Black Swan, 1989), p. 49

6. Patrick S. Smith, Warhol: Conversations about the Artist (Ann Arbor: UMI Research Press, 1988) pp. 36, 113.

7. Robinson (as above).

8. Smith, Warhol: Conversations...., p. 113.

9. Ibid, p. 116.

10. Ibid, p. 117.

11. Patrick S. Smith, Andy Warhol's Art and Films (Ann Arbor: UMI Research Press, 1986), p. 16.

12. Smith, Warhol: Conversations..., p. 30.

13. Ibid.

14. Bourdon, p. 30.

15. Ibid, p. 308.

16. Lawrence Grobel, Conversations with Capote (NY: Plume, 1985), p. 187.

16a. Smith, Warhol: Conversations..., p. 117.

16b. Truman Capote, "Preface," Music for Chameleons (NY: Random House Inc., 1975), pp. xi - xii.

17. Andy Warhol, "Sunday with Mister C., An Audio-Documentary by Andy Warhol starring Truman Capote," Rolling Stone, Issue no. 132, April 12, 1973, p. 29.

18. Ibid, p. 34.

19. George Plimpton, Truman Capote (NY: Doubleday, 1998), p. 110.

35. Laura de Coppet and Alan Jones, The Art Dealers (revised and expanded edition) (NY: Cooper Square Press, 2002), p. 54.

36. Ioanna Elena Markou, "The Art World Was His Oyster," Odyssey magazine, vol. 2, No. 5 (May/June 1995) (Accessed November 2005).

PAGE 3

1. Quoted in Victor Bockris, The Life and Death of Andy Warhol (London: Fourth Estate Ltd., 1998), p. 100.

2. Fred Lawrence Guiles, Loner at the Ball: The Life of Andy Warhol (London: Black Swan, 1989), p. 95.

3. Donna M. De Salvo (ed.), Success is a job in New York... The Early Art and Business of Andy Warhol (exh. cat. published jointly by the Grey Art Gallery and Study Center and The Carnegie Museum of Art, 1989), p. 52.

4. Ibid, p. 54.

5. Donna De Salvo, "Andy Warhol: Drawing Us In," Andy Warhol: Private Drawings from the 1950s (exh. cat. 2003), p. 9.

6. Ibid.

7. Jason Epstein, "Clam and Eggs," New York Times, September 21, 2003.

8. Tina S. Fredericks, "Remembering Andy/An Introduction," Jesse Kornbluth, Pre-Pop Warhol (NY: Panache Press at Random House, Inc., 1988), p. 13.

9. John O'Connor and Benjamin Liu, Unseen Warhol (NY: Rizzoli International Publications, Inc., 1996), p. 28.

10. Donna M. De Salvo, Beth S. Gersh Nesic, Ellen Lupton, J. Abbott Miller, "Chronology," in Donna M. De Salvo (ed.), Success is a job in New York..., p. 86.

11. Patrick S. Smith, Warhol: Conversations about the Artist (Ann Arbor: UMI Research Press, 1988), p. 63.

12. Bockris, p. 94.

13. Guiles, p. 84.

14. Ibid, p. 83.

15. Bockris, p. 94.

16. Smith, Warhol: Conversations..., p. 28.

17. Bennard B. Perlman, "The Education of Andy Warhol," The Andy Warhol Museum (NY: Distributed Art Publishers, 1994), p. 158.

17b. Patrick S. Smith, Andy Warhol's Art and Films (Ann Arbor: UMI Research Press, 1986), p. 514.

18. Smith, Warhol: Conversations..., p. 11.

19. Smith, Andy Warhol's Art and Films, pp. 248-9.

20. Ibid, p. 249.

21. John Morse (ed.), Ben Shahn (London: Secker & Warburg, 1972), pp. 13-26.

22. Sacco and Vanzetti chronology (Accessed November 2005)

23. As quoted in Howard Greenfield, Ben Shahn: An Artist's Life, (NY: Random House 1998), pp. 276 - 77.

24. Ibid, p. 280.

25. Ibid, p. 281.

PAGE 4

1. Victor Bockris, The Life and Death of Andy Warhol (London: Fourth Estate Ltd., 1998), p. 94

2. David Bourdon, Warhol (NY: Harry N. Abrams, Inc., 1989), p. 33 and Bockris, p. 101.

3. Shirley Bryant, "Interview with Len Kessler," IOBA Standard, Volume II, no. 2

4. Bourdon, p. 33.

5. Patrick S. Smith, Warhol: Conversations about the Artist (Ann Arbor: UMI Research Press, 1988), p. 28.

6. Fred Lawrence Guiles, Loner at the Ball: The Life of Andy Warhol (London: Black Swan, 1989), p. 115.

7. Smith, Warhol: Warhol: Conversations..., pp. 43, 44.

8. Ibid, p. 44.

9. Ibid. pp. 21, 26.

10. Patrick S. Smith, Andy Warhol's Art and Films (Ann Arbor: UMI Research Press, 1986), p. 338 - 9.

11. Guiles, p. 104.

12. Smith, Andy Warhol's Art and Films, p. 338 - 339.

13. Ibid, p. 343.

14. Smith, Warhol: Conversations..., p. 45.

15. Donna M. De Salvo (ed.), Success is a job in New York... The Early Art and Business of Andy Warhol (exh. cat. published jointly by the Grey Art Gallery and Study Center and The Carnegie Museum of Art, 1989), p. 78.

16. The Staff of the Andy Warhol Museum, Andy Warhol 365 Takes (London: Thames and Hudson Ltd.), p. 80.

17. Bourdon, p. 47.

18. Kim Evans (dir.), Andy Warhol (documentary), A London Weekend South Bank Show co-production with RM Arts, 1987.

19. Smith, Warhol: Conversations..., p. 178.

20. Ibid, p. 118.

21. Bourdon, p. 47.

22. Ibid, p. 31.

23. Ibid, p. 33.

24. Bourdon, p. 36 and Smith, Andy Warhol's Art and Films, p. 250.

25. Smith, Andy Warhol's Art and Films, p. 318.

26. Ibid, p. 70.

27. Donna M. De Salvo (ed.), Success is a job in New York..., p. 78.

28. Smith, Warhol: Conversations..., p. 156.

29. Smith, Andy Warhol's Art and Films, p. 372.

30. Ibid, p. 390.

31. Ibid, p. 372.

32. Smith, Warhol: Conversations..., p. 120.

33. Bourdon, p. 60.

34. Guiles, p. 82.

35. Bockris, p. 125.

35b. Julia Hasting (designer) and Phaidon editors, Andy Warhol 'Giant' Size (NY: Phaidon, 2006), p. 46-7.

36. Smith, Warhol: Conversations..., p. 158.

PAGE 5

1. Patrick S. Smith, Warhol: Conversations about the Artist (Ann Arbor: UMI Research Press, 1988), p. 53.

2. "Vito Giallo On Working with Warhol in the Early Years" in John O'Connor and Benjamin Liu, Unseen Warhol (NY: Rizzoli International Publications, Inc., 1996), p. 19.

3. Ibid, p. 27.

4. Ibid, p. 20.

5. The exact period that Gluck actually worked for Warhol is unclear. Donna DeSalvo indicated that it was from 1955 to 1962 in Donna M. De Salvo (ed.), Success is a job in New York... The Early Art and Business of Andy Warhol (exh. cat. published jointly by the Grey Art Gallery and Study Center and The Carnegie Museum of Art, 1989), p. 53.

During an interview published in Unseen Warhol (NY Rizzoli, 1996), edited by John O'Connor and Benjamin Liu, Gluck was asked "When did you and Andy stop interacting?" He responded, "In about 1962 or so, when he stopped doing his commercial work." (p. 35) However, during a 1978 interview Patrick Smith asked Gluck "Did you have anything to do with the Brillo Boxes?" and Gluck responded, "Andy told me to go to the supermarket and find me some boxes..." (Patrick S. Smith, Andy Warhol's Art and Films (Ann Arbor: UMI Research Press, 1986), p.322) The inference is that Gluck was still working for Warhol when Warhol was doing his Brillo Boxes which were first exhibited in 1964 at the Stable Gallery.

Gerard Malanga, who was Warhol's art assistant at the time that Warhol's product box sculptures were made does not mention Gluck in his account of events. He says that he and Billy Name "would take turns painting with Liquitex all six sides of each box - which numbered nearly 80 - the Campbell's tomato juice for starters, by turning each box around on its side... And and I repeated this process silkscreening all five sides again down the line." According to Malanga, "completing the work took nearly six weeks, from early February well into mid-April [1964]." (see "how we made the brillo boxes" a paper "delivered at the International Symposium for Andy Warhol's Brillo Boxes under the auspices of the Akademie der Bildenden Kunste in Nurnberg, Friday, 19 November 1999" reprinted in Gerard Malanga, Archiving Warhol (NY: Creation Books, 2002), p. 148).

Gluck recalled in the Patrick Smith interview that he "had to go up and wrap, upstairs in one of the rooms [of Warhol's home]... all of Andy's [Brillo] soap boxes in plastic because he didn't want them chipped. They all came back [after the exhibition]. He maybe sold two out of all that bunch. Maybe three? He was so upset and depressed, and these bunches were just lying from floor to ceiling, practically." (Smith, p. 325). If this was the case, Gluck was still working for Warhol after the Stable show of the boxes that took place April 21 - May 9, 1964 - unless, of course, he wrapped the boxes for Warhol as a friend rather than as an employee.

6. Patrick S. Smith, Andy Warhol's Art and Films (Ann Arbor: UMI Research Press, 1986), p. 330.

7. Ibid, p. 329.

8. O'Connor and Liu, p. 31.

9. Ibid, p. 22.

10. Smith, Warhol: Conversations about the Artist, p. 144.

11. De Salvo (ed.), Success is a job in New York..., p. 9.

12. Smith, Warhol: Conversations about the Artist, p. 101.

13. Ibid, pp. 103 - 104.

14. Ibid, 108.

15. Ibid, 109.

16. Tina S. Fredericks, "Remembering Andy/An Introduction," Jesse Kornbluth, Pre-Pop Warhol (NY: Panache Press at Random House, Inc., 1988), p. 12.

17. Fred Lawrence Guiles, Loner at the Ball: The Life of Andy Warhol (London: Black Swan, 1989), pp. 107, 115.

18. Ibid, pp. 107, 108.

19. Smith, Andy Warhol's Art and Films, p. 325.

20. Billy Name correspondence, February 25, 2004.

21. Ibid.

22. David Bourdon, Warhol (NY: Harry N. Abrams, Inc., 1989), p. 190.

23. Billy Name correspondence, January 25, 2005.

PAGE 6

1. Robert Cozzolino, Dudley Huppler: Drawings (exh. cat.) (Madison, WI: Elvehjem Museum of Art, U. of Wisconsin), p. 16, fn. 27.

2. Ibid, p. 10.

3. "The Egg and We," Flair 1, no. 5 (June 1950), p. 89; quoted in Cozzolino, "Portrait of DH," p. 10.

4. Cozzolino, p. 11.

5. Patrick S. Smith, Andy Warhol's Art and Films (Ann Arbor: UMI Research Press, 1986), p. 262.

6. Cozzolino, p. 16.

7. Ibid, p. 11.

8. Ibid, p. 11.

9. Cozzolino, p. 50.

10. Gene Moore and Jay Hyams, My Time at Tiffany's (NY: St. Martin's Press, 1990), pp. 13, 31.

11. Ibid, p. 38.

12. Ibid, p. 40.

13. Ibid, p. 69.

14. Andy Warhol, The Philosophy of Andy Warhol (From A to B and Back Again) (NY: Harcourt Brace & Company, 1975), p. 22.

15. Fred Lawrence Guiles, Loner at the Ball: The Life of Andy Warhol (London: Black Swan, 1989), p. 51.

16. Moore, p. 70.

17. Ibid.

PAGE 7

1. Alan Cumming (foreword) and Andy Warhol (illustrations), Andy Warhol Men (London: Thames & Hudson Ltd.), p. 5.

2. Patrick S. Smith, Andy Warhol's Art and Films, (Ann Arbor: UMI Research Press, 1981), p. 371.

3. Patrick S. Smith, Warhol: Conversations about the Artist (Ann Arbor: UMI Research Press, 1988), p. 63.

4. Ibid, p. 115.

5. Ibid.

6. Ibid, p. 44.

7. Smith, Andy Warhol's Art and Films, p. 374.

8. Ibid, p. 313.

9. Ibid, p. 328.

10. Ibid, p. 343.

11. Ibid.

12. Ibid, p. 387.

13. The Andy Warhol Museum (NY: Distributed Arts Publishers Inc., 1994), p. 172.

14. The Staff of the Andy Warhol Museum, Andy Warhol 365 Takes (London: Thames & Hudson, 2004), p. 79.

15. Quoted in Victor Bockris, The Life and Death of Andy Warhol (London: Fourth Estate Ltd., 1998), p. 13.

16. Smith, Andy Warhol's Art and Films, p. 367.

17. Ibid, p. 367 - 8.

18. Andy Warhol 365 Takes, p. 79.

19. The Andy Warhol Museum, Andy Warhol Pop Box: Fame, the Factory, and the Father of American Pop Art (San Francisco: Chronicle Books, 2004), unpaginated.

20. Smith, Andy Warhol's Art and Films, p. 368.

21. Ibid, p. 319.

22. Andy Warhol 365 Takes, pp. 75, 78.

23. "Speaking of Pictures: Crazy Golden Slippers," Life magazine, January 21, 1957, repr. in Jesse Kornbluth, Pre-Pop Warhol (NY: Random House, 1988), pp. 106 - 107.

24. Smith, Andy Warhol's Art and Films, p. 369.

25. Ibid, p. 319.

26. Kornbluth, p. 106 - 107.

27. Bockris, p. 125.

28. Smith, Andy Warhol's Art and Films, pp. 336 - 337.

29. David Bourdon, Warhol (NY: Harry N. Abrams, Inc., 1989), p. 58.

30. Smith, Andy Warhol's Art and Films, p. 247.

31. Smith, Warhol: Conversations..., p. 93.

32. Amy Vanderbuilt, Amy Vanderbuilt's Complete Cookbook (Garden City, NY: Doubleday & Co. Inc., 1961).

33. Smith, Warhol: Conversations..., p. 94.

34. Ibid, p. 95.

35. Smith, Andy Warhol's Art and Films, p. 542, fn. 188.

36. Andy Warhol 365 Takes, p. 125.

37. Bockris, p. 130.

38. Andy Warhol 365 Takes, p. 40.

PAGE 8

1. Donna M. De Salvo (ed.), "Success is a job in New York:" The Early Art and Business of Andy Warhol (exh. cat.) (Grey Art Gallery & Study Center and The Carnegie Museum of Art, 1989), p. 46.

2. Mitchell Owens, "Suzie Frankfurt, 73, Friend to Warhol, and a Decorator," New York Times, January 17, 2005.

3. David Bourdon, Warhol (NY: Harry N. Abrams, Inc., 1989), p. 66.

4. Patrick S. Smith, Warhol: Conversations about the Artist (Ann Arbor: UMI Research Press, 1988), p. 31.

5. Ibid, p. 64.

6. Ibid, p. 78.

7. Quoted in Victor Bockris, The Life and Death of Andy Warhol (London: Fourth Estate Ltd., 1998), p. 131.

8. Ibid.

9. Emile De Antonio, "My Brush with Painting" (1984), reprinted in Douglas Kellner and Dan Streible (eds.), Emile De Antonio: A Reader (Minneapolis: University of Minnesota Press, 2000), p. 270, 273-4.

10. Patrick S. Smith, Andy Warhol's Art and Films, (Ann Arbor: UMI Research Press, 1981), p. 293.

11. Emile De Antonio, "Point of Order (Hic)," Village Voice, January 29, 1980 reprinted in Kellner and Streible (eds), p. 374.

12. David Bourdon, p. 68 and p. 70 fn. 7.

13. Ibid.

14. Patrick S. Smith, Warhol: Conversations..., p. 192.

15. Benjamin H.D. Buchloh, "Andy Warhol's One-Dimensional Art: 1956 - 1966," Andy Warhol: A Retrospective (NY: Museum of Modern Art, 1989), reprinted in Annette Michelson (ed.), Andy Warhol, (October Files 2, Cambridge: The MIT Press, 2001), p. 3.

16. Tina S. Fredericks, "Remembering Andy: An Introduction," in Jesse Kornbluth, Pre-Pop Warhol (NY: Panache Press at Random House, 1988), pp. 17 - 18.

17. Laura de Coppet and Alan Jones, The Art Dealers (Revised and Expanded Edition) (NY:Cooper Square Press, 2002), pp. 86 - 88.

18. Kellner and Streible, pp. 8 - 10.

19. Ibid, pp. 4 - 5.

20. Jack Sargeant, The Naked Lens: An Illustrated History of Beat Cinema (London: Creation Books, 1997), p. 14.

21. Ibid, p. 114.

22. Kellner and Streible, p. 157.

23. Andy Warhol and Pat Hackett, Popism: The Warhol '60s (NY: Harcourt Brace & Co., 1980), p. 29.

24. Ibid, p. 90.

PAGE 9

1. Quoted by Bennard B. Perlman in "The Education of Andy Warhol," The Andy Warhol Museum (NY: Distributed Art Publishers, 1994), p. 148.

2. Patrick S. Smith, Warhol: Conversations about the Artist (Ann Arbor: UMI Research Press, 1988), p. 36.

3. Ibid, p. 171.

4. Correspondence with William S. Wilson, September 5, 2005.

5. Donna De Salvo, "God is in The Details," Frayda Feldman and Jorg Schellman, Andy Warhol Prints: A Catalogue Raisonne 1962 - 1987 (Third edition, revised and expanded) (Ronald Feldman Fine Arts, Inc., Edition Schellman, The Andy Warhol Foundation for the Visual Arts, Inc., 1997), p. 23.

6. Andy Warhol and Pat Hackett, Popism: The Warhol '60s (NY: Harcourt Brace & Co., 1980), p. 13.

7. Larry Rivers with Arnold Weinstein, What Did I Do? The Unauthorized Autobiography, NY: Thunder's Mouth Press, an imprint of Avalon Publishing Group, Inc., 1992), p. 235.

8. Ibid, pp. 32, 33, 36, 123, 246.

9. Irving Sandler, "Hans Hofmann: The Pedagogical Master," Art in America, May 1973, p. 52 quoted in Irving Sandler, A Sweeper-Up After Artists (London: Thames & Hudson, 2004), p. 86.

10. Irving Sandler, A Sweeper-Up..., p. 42.

11. Jean Stein, George Plimpton (ed.), Edie, An American Biography (NY: Alfred A. Knopf, 1982), p. 188.

11b. Jean-Michel Vecchiet (dir.), Vies et morts d'Andy Warhol (documentary), Eva Productions, Paris, France, 2005

12. Quoted in Larry Rivers, p. 177.

13. Larry Rivers, p. 203.

14. John Bernard Myers, Tracking the Marvelous (NY: Random House, 1983), p. 123.

15. Larry Rivers, p. 312.

16. Ibid, p. 313.

17. Ibid, p. 235.

18. Ibid, pp. 325, 327.

PAGE 10

1. Marco Livingstone, Pop Art, A Continuing History (London: Thames & Hudson Ltd., 1990), p. 30.

2. Kassandra Nakas, Funny Cuts (exh. cat.) (Staatsgalerie Stuttgart, 2004), pp. 28, 31.

3. William S. Wilson correspondence May 10, 2005.

4. Livingstone, p. 29.

5. Sheena Wagstaff, Comic Iconoclasm (exh. cat.) (London: ICA, 1987), p. 9.

6. Livingstone, pp. 43, 44.

6a. Nicholas Wroe, "The Bigger Picture," The Saturday Guardian (Review section), 21 January, 2006, p. 11.

7. David E. Brauer, "British Pop Art: 1956 - 1966, A Documentary Essay," in Pop Art: US/UK Connections 1956- 1966 (exh. cat. The Menil Collection, Jan. 26 - May 13, 2001) (Ostfildern-Ruit, Germany: Hatze Cantz Verlag, 2001), p. 86, fn. 31.

8. William S. Wilson, "Jackson Pollock and Ray Johnson: Participant Observers," in Dear Jackson Pollock, Collage and Objects by Ray Johnson (East Hampton: Pollock-Krasner House and Study Center, 2003).

8b. Wroe, p. 11.

8c. Ibid.

9. Alison and Peter Smithson, "But Today We Collect Ads," Ark magazine, November 1956 reprinted in Steven Henry Madoff (ed.), Pop Art, A Critical History (Berkeley: University of California Press, 1997), p. 3.

10. Livingstone, p. 252, ch. 4, fn. 1.

11. Fiona Pearson, Paolozzi (exh. cat.) (Edinburgh: National Galleries of Scotland, 1999), p. 19.

12. Anne Massey, "The Independent Group," The Burlington Magazine, April 1987, p. 237.

13. Ibid, p. 237, fn. 32.

14. Ibid, p. 237.

15. Lawrence Alloway, "The Development of British Pop" in Lucy R. Lippard, Pop Art (London: Thames & Hudson), p. 38-9.

16. Richard Hamilton, Collected Words 1953 - 1982 (London: Thames and Hudson Ltd., 1982), p. 22.

17. Andy Warhol and Pat Hackett, Popism: The Warhol '60s (NY: Harcourt Brace & Co., 1980), p. 70.

18. David E. Brauer, p. 229.

19. Lawrence Alloway, ArtForum magazine, February 2003

20. Lawrence Alloway, "The Development of British Pop," p. 27.

21. Patrick S. Smith, Warhol: Conversations About the Artist (Ann Arbor: UMI Research Press, 1988), p. 227.

PAGE 11

1. Patrick S. Smith, Andy Warhol's Art and Films (Ann Arbor: UMI Research Press, 1981), p. 255.

2. Ibid.

3. Benjamin H.D. Buchloh, "Andy Warhol's One-Dimensional Art: 1956 - 1966," Andy Warhol: A Retrospective (New York: Museum of Modern Art, 1989) reprinted in Annette Michelson (ed.), October Files 2 (Cambridge: The MIT Press), p. 39.

4. The Roy Lichtenstein Foundation chronology

4b. Avis Berman, "The Transformations of Roy Lichtenstein: an oral history" in Michael Juul Holm, Poul Erik Tøjner and Martin Caiger-Smith, Roy Lichtenstein - All About Art (Louisiana: Louisiana Museum of Modern Art, 2003), p. 122

5. Jim Edwards, Walter Hopps Interviewed by Jim Edwards, Pop Art: US/UK Connections 1956- 1966 (exh. cat. The Menil Collection, Jan. 26 - May 13, 2001) (Ostfildern-Ruit, Germany: Hatze Cantz Verlag, 2001), pp. 42-43.

6. Laura De Coppet and Alan Jones, The Art Dealers (revised and expanded edition) (NY: Cooper Square Press, 2002), p. 151.

7. Jim Edwards, p. 44.

8. Ibid.

9. De Coppet and Jones, p. 155.

10. Smith, Andy Warhol's Art and Films, p. 218.

11. Patrick S. Smith, Warhol: Conversations About the Artist (Ann Arbor: UMI Research Press, 1988), p. 90.

12. Smith, Andy Warhol's Art and Films, pp. 256 - 257.

13. De Coppet and Jones, p. 139.

14. Smith, Andy Warhol's Art and Films, pp. 218 - 219.

15. Ibid, p. 219.

16. De Coppet and Jones, pp. 155 - 156.

17. Smith, Andy Warhol's Art and Films, p. 220.

18. Henry T. Hopkins, "Andy Warhol, Ferus Gallery," Artforum, September 1962 reprinted in Steven Henry Madoff (ed.), Pop Art: A Critical History (Berkeley: University of California Press, 1997), p. 266.

PAGE 12

1. Patrick S. Smith, Andy Warhol's Art and Films (Ann Arbor: UMI Research Press, 1981), p. 352.

2. Ibid, p. 355.

3. Frances Fitzgerald, "What's New Henry Geldzahler, What's New?" New York Herald Tribune, November 21, 1965, quoted in Callie Angell, The Films of Andy Warhol: Part II (NY: Whitney Museum of American Art, 1994), p. 20.

4. Smith, Andy Warhol's Art and Films, p. 353.

5. Laura De Coppet and Alan Jones, The Art Dealers (revised and expanded edition) (NY: Cooper Square Press, 2002), p. 155.

5b. Quoted in Richard Polsky, I Bought Andy Warhol (NY: Harry N. Abrams, Inc., 2003), p. 138.

6. Benjamin H.D. Buchloh, "Andy Warhol's One-Dimensional Art: 1956 - 1966," Andy Warhol: A Retrospective (New York: Museum of Modern Art, 1989) reprinted in Annette Michelson (ed.), October Files 2 (Cambridge: The MIT Press), p. 9.

7. De Coppet and Jones, p. 40.

8. William S. Wilson correspondence, September 5, 2005.

9. Barbara Haskell, Blam! The Explosion of Pop, Minimalism and Performance 1958 - 1964 (exh. cat.) (NY: Whitney Museum of American Art, 1984), pp. 138 - 139.

10. Richard Huelsenbeck, En Avant Dada: Eine Geschichte des Dadaismus (Paul Steegemann Verlag, 1920), translated by Ralph Manheim in Robert Motherwell, The Dada Painters and Poets (2nd edition) (Boston: G.K. Hall, 1981), pp. 36, 37.

11. Thomas B. Hess, "Mixed Mediums for a Soft Revolution," Art News, Summer 1960 reprinted in Steven Henry Madoff (ed.), Pop Art: A Critical History (Berkeley: University of California Press, 1997), p. 10.

12. Georges Hugnet, "The Dada Spirit in Painting," Cahiers d'Art, vol. 7 (1932), no. 1-2, no. 6-7, no. 8-10, vol. 9 (1934), no. 1-4, translated by Ralph Manheim in Motherwell, pp. 131, 159.

13. Quoted by Jack D. Flam, "Foreword", in Motherwell, p. xiii.

14. De Coppet and Jones, p. 89.

15. Kirk Varnedoe (ed.), Jasper Johns: Writings, Sketchbook Notes, Interviews (NY: The Museum of Modern Art, 1996), p. 300, n. 1.

16. De Coppet and Jones, p. 90.

17. Smith, Andy Warhol's Art and Films, p. 263.

20. Roberta Brandes Gratz, "Daily Close-up: After the Flag," New York Post, December 30, 1970, p. 25 (p. 3 of magazine section) excerpted in Varnedoe, p. 137.

21. Benjamin H.D. Buchloh, "Andy Warhol's One-Dimensional Art: 1956 - 1966," Andy Warhol: A Retrospective (New York: Museum of Modern Art, 1989) reprinted in Annette Michelson (ed.), October Files 2 (Cambridge: The MIT Press), p. 34.

22. Fred Lawrence Guiles, Loner at the Ball: The Life of Andy Warhol (London: Black Swan, 1990), pp. 41 - 41.

23. Patrick S. Smith, Warhol: Conversations about the Artist (Ann Arbor: UMI Research Press, 1988), p. 21.

24. The Staff of the Andy Warhol Museum, Andy Warhol 365 Takes (NY: Harry N. Abrams, Inc., 2004), p. 7.

25. Benjamin H. D. Buchloh, "An Interview with Andy Warhol" (May 28, 1985), October Files (Cambridge: The MIT Press, 2001), p. 121.

26. Buchloh, "An Interview...," p. 119.

27. Ellen Lupton and J. Abbott Miller, "Line Art: Andy Warhol and the Commercial Art World of the 1950s," in Donna M. De Salvo (ed.), "Success is a Job in New York..." The Early Art and Business of Andy Warhol (NY: Grey Art Gallery & Study Center/Pittsburgh: The Carnegie Museum of Art, 1989), p. 39.

28. Smith, Andy Warhol's Art and Films, p. 263.

29. Andy Warhol and Pat Hackett, Popism: The Warhol '60s (NY: Harcourt Brace & Co., 1980), p. 12

30. Paul Taylor, "Interview with Robert Rauschenberg," Interview magazine, December 1990 reprinted in Paul Taylor, After Andy: Soho in the Eighties, Australia: Schwartz City, 1995), p. 136.

31. Ibid, p. 136.

PAGE 13

1. Malcolm Goldstein, Landscape with Figures (NY: Oxford University Press, 2000), p. 257.

2. Catherine S. Gaines, "Historical Note," Stable Gallery: A Finding Aid to the Stable Gallery Records, 1916-1999, in the Archives of American Art (Washington, DC: The Smithsonian Institution 2002)

3. Emile De Antonio, "My Brush with Painting," American Film (1984), repr. in Douglas Kellner and Dan Streible (eds.), Emile De Antonio: A Reader (Minneapolis: University of Minnesota Press, 2000), p. 272.

3b.  Patrick S. Smith, Andy Warhol's Art and Films (Ann Arbor: UMI Research Press, 1981), p. 258

4. Patrick S. Smith, Andy Warhol's Art and Films (Ann Arbor: UMI Research Press, 1981), pp. 504 - 505.

5. Ibid, p. 295.

6. David Bourdon, Warhol (NY: Harry N. Abrams, Inc., 1989), p. 134.

7. Smith, p. 324.

8. Michael Fried, "New York Letter", Art International, December 20, 1962, p. 57 excerpted in Steven Henry Madoff (ed.), Pop Art: A Critical History (Berkeley: University of California Press, 1997), p. 267.

9. Billy Name correspondence, September 16, 2004.

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DA: Ashton, Dore. A Critical Study of Philip Guston (Berkeley: University of California Press, 1990)

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DL: Dulsie Lang as played by Holly De Jong in "Four and Twenty Blackbirds" (TV episode), Agatha Christie's Poirot (London: Picture Partnership Productions for Granada TV/ITV, 1989)

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EA: Edward Alden Jewell, "Whitney Exhibits Art of the Europeans," The New York Times (March 13, 1945)

EB: Interview with Ernest Briggs Conducted by Barbara Shikler At New York City, New York 1982 July 12, Smithsonian Archives of American Art

EC: Edward Alden Jewell, "Contrasts in Art: The Academy Opens Its Annual Against a Background of 'Modern' Shows..." The New York Times (March 18, 1945, Arts and Leisure section, p. x8)

ED: Joseph Solman, "The Easel Division of the WPA Federal Art Project," in Francis V. O'Connor (ed.), The New Deal Art Projects, An Anthology of Memoirs (Washington, D.C., 1972), p. 122 cited in Breslin, Mark Rothko, A Biography, p. 106

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FD: Fielding Dawson, An Emotional Memoir of Franz Kline (NY: Pantheon Books, 1967)

FG: Malcolm Goldstein, Landscape with Figures (NY: Oxford University Press, 2000)

FI: John Fischer, "The Easy Chair: Mark Rothko, Portrait of the Artist as an Angry Man," Harper's magazine, July 1970, pp. 16-23 repr. in Miguel López-Remiro (ed.), Writings on Art: Mark Rothko (New Haven: Yale University Press, 2006), pp. 130-138)

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GA: Adolph Gottlieb Biographical Information, Mercury Galleries

GC: A Guide to Commercial Art Gallery Records in the Archives of American Art

GG: De Kooning, "Willem de Kooning: Geduldig genie," Volkskrant, Sept. 28, 1968 cited in Stevens and Swan, p. 55

GH: Geoffrey T. Hellman, "Comment.," The New Yorker, April 12, 1947, p. 23

GM: Gene Moore and Jay Hyams, My Time At Tiffany's (NY: St. Martin's Press, 1990)

HA: Michael Kirby, Happenings: An Illustrated Anthology (London: Sidgwick and Jackson, 1965)

HB: Henri Béhar, André Breton, Tate Museum, London

HC: Harry Cooper, "Jack Tworkov," Artforum International, Volume 38. Issue 8 (April 2000), p. 139

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HH: Hayden Herrera, Arshile Gorky: His Life and Work (London: Bloomsbury Publishing, 2003)

HM: Robert Motherwell chronology, Hackett Freedman Gallery, San Francisco

HS: Harold Stevenson, California Landscape: Journal notes for making a painting (Mitchell Algus Gallery, Tuesday May 18, 1999)

IA: "Art Notes/Plans of the Society of Independent Artists - New Exhibitions," The New York Times (January 20, 1917)

IE: "International Exhibition," The New York Times (February 16, 1913), News and Notes section of "Art at Home and Abroad" in part 5 of the magazine, p. 55.

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IK: Curtis Bill Pepper, "The Indomitable de Kooning," The New York Times Magazine (Nov. 20, 1983), p. 86 cited in Stevens and Swan, p. 56

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IP: William Wright, Interview with Jackson Pollock (late 1950), WERI radio station (Westerly, Rhode Island, 1951); Transcript in Pepe Karmel (ed.), Jackson Pollock: Interviews, Articles and Reviews (NY: Museum of Modern Art, 1999, pp. 20-23)

IS: Irving Sandler, A Sweeper-Up After Artists (London: Thames & Hudson Ltd., 2004)

JA: "John Sloan, Artist Dead at Age of 80," The New York Times (September 9, 1951)

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JB: John Bernard Myers, Tracking the Marvelous (NY: Random House, 1983)

JB: Jan Bart Klaster, "De Kooning gaat door ik schilder mijn binnenste," Het Parool, May 11, 1983 cited in Stevens and Swan, p. 39

JC: "Jackson Pollock," California Arts and Architecture (April 1944), p. 14

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JG: John Gruen, The Party's Over Now: Reminiscences of the Fifties - New York's Artists, Writers, Musicians, and their Friends (NY: The Viking Press, 1972)

JH: John Held, Jr., Interview with Allan Kaprow broadcast on Dallas Cable Access TV, 1988

JJ: Kirk Varnedoe, Jasper Johns: A Retrospective (exh. cat.) (NY: The Museum of Modern Art, 1996)

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JL: Joseph Liss, "Willem de Kooning Remembers Mark Rothko," Art News (January 1979), p. 41-4 quoted in Stevens and Swan, p. 147

JM: "Interview with Joseph Solman Conducted by Avis Berman at his studio at 156 Second Avenue in New York, NY, May 6 and 8, 1981," Smithsonian Archives of American Art,

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JPN: Steven Naifeh and Gregory White Smith, Jackson Pollock: An American Saga (Aiken, So. Carolina: Woodward White, Inc., 1989)

JQ: Jackson Pollock Biography, Guggenheim Museum

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JZ: J. Z. Holden, "Lee Krasner: Recollections, Cultural Context and New Perspectives," April 18, 2007

KD: "Interview with Samuel Kootz Conducted by Dorothy Seckler In New York April 13, 1964," Smithsonian Archives of American Art


KK: Katharine Kuh, The Artist's Voice: Talks with Seventeen Artists (NY: Da Capo Press, 2000)

KV: Kirk Varnedoe et al., Jackson Pollock (NY: The Museum of Modern Art, 1998)

LA: Letter from Mark Rothko to Barnett Newman (August 1946)

LB: Letter from Mark Rothko to Barnett Newman (June 17, 1946)

LD: Victor Bockris, The Life and Death of Andy Warhol (London: Fourth Estate Ltd., 1998)

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LI: American Artists' Congress and Signers and Members

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LM: Lee Seldes, The Legacy of Mark Rothko (Cambridge: Da Capo Press, 1996)

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LZP: Leah Dickerman, et al. Dada: Zurich, Berlin, Hannover, Cologne, New York, Paris exh. cat. (Washington: National Gallery of Art, 2005)

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MM: Musa Mayer, Night Studio A Memoir of Philip Guston (London: Thames and Hudson, Ltd., 1991)

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MP: Philip Shenon, "Dealer in Rothko Case Must Donate $100,000, The New York Times (May 14, 1983)

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MSA: Matthew Spender, ed. Arshile Gorky: Goats on the Roof, A Life in Letters and Documents (London: Ridinghouse, 2009)

MT: Michael R. Taylor (ed), Arshile Gorky: A Retrospective (Philadelphia Mseum of Art in assn. with Yale University Press, 2010)

MV: Carol Vogel, "A Pollock is Sold, Possibly for a Record Price," The New York Times (November 2, 2006)

MX: "Meyer Schapiro, Art HIstorian and Critic, Dies at 91," The New York Times (March 4, 1996)

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NO: Howard Taubman, "Orchestra Tours; Three American Ensembles Will Travel in Europe and Asia This Year," The New York Times, February 27, 1955, p. x9

NP: The New American Painting As Shown in Eight European Countries 1958 - 1959 (NY: The Museum of Modern Art, 1959)

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NU: Aline Saarinen, "U.S. Lent Works On View in Paris; 100 Masterpieces of Gallic Art 'Go Home' in 'Salute to France' Exhibition," The New York Times, April 20, 1955, section: Food Fashions Family Furnishings, p. C37

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OE: Paul J. Karlstrom (ed.), On the Edge of America: California Modernist Art, 1900-1950 (University of California Press, 1996)

OS: Interview with Alfonso Ossorio Conducted by Forrest Selvig In New York November 19, 1968, Smithsonian Archives of American Art


PA: Emile de Antonio and Mitch Tuchman, Painters Painting (NY: Abbeville Press, 1984)

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PC: Fairfield Porter interview by Paul Cummings, AAA, June 6, 1968, reel 4211 cited in Stevens and Swan, p. 78)

PF: Peter de Francia, "Coïgitum" [interview with Roberto Sebastian Antonio Matta Echaurren], Matta Coïgitum exh. cat. (London: Arts Council of Great Britain, 1977), pp. 3 - 12.

PH: William Hall Brock, "Phalanx on a Hill: Responses to Fourierism in the Transcendentalist Circle," Loyola University Chicago dissertation (1996)

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PM: John Russell, "Pierre Matisse, 89, Art Dealer and Promoter, Dies," The New York Times (August 11, 1989)

PN: Ben Sisario, "Philip Pavia 94, an Avant-Garde Sculptor, is Dead, The New York Times (April 15, 2005)

PO: Pat Hacket and Andy Warhol, Popism: The Warhol Sixties (New York: Harcourt Brace & Company, 1980)

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PQ: Ben Sisario, "Who Pocketed 3 Hunks of Bronze," The New York Times (March 26, 2005)

PR: David Blakeskley, "Project Burke: The FBI Files," Taking Burke On(line): The Kenneth Burke Bibliography and Archival Project, Site sponsored by the School of Liberal Arts and Department of English at Purdue University

PS: Ben Sisario, "Salvaged From the Scrap Heap, a Sculptor's Weighty Work is Whole Again," The New York Times (April 1, 2005)

PSM: Patrick S. Smith, Andy Warhol's Art and Films (Michigan: UMI Research Press, 1986)

PV: John Richardson, A Life of Picasso, Volume II: 1907-1917 (London: Jonathan Cape, 1996)

RA: "Ryan Gallery is Lent to the City; Trustees of Estate Turn Over Building at 3 East 67th St. to Municipal Art Group," The New York Times, December 6, 1937, p. 25.

RB: Jared Jenkins, "Remo Bufano: Our Forgotten Ancestor," student paper for Trends in Contemporary American Puppet Theater (University of Connecticut, 1997)

RC: "Robert Rauschenberg Chronologie," "Robert Rauschenberg, on and off the wall" exhibition (24 juin 2005 - 08 janvier 2006), Musee d'Art Moderne et d'Art Contemporain, Nice

RD: Robert Motherwell (ed.) and Jack Flam (intro.), The Dada Painters and Poets: An Anthology (2nd ed.) (Cambridge/London: The Belknap Press of Harvard University Press, 1982)

RE: "Roberto Matta," The Times (November 25, 2002)

RF: Academy Stars: Robert Henri (1865 - 1929), Pensylvania Academy of the Fine Arts (The Collection: Academy Archives)

RG: Glenn Phillips and Thomas Crow (eds.), Seeing Rothko (London: Tate Publishing, 2006)

RH: Danielle Peltakian, Robert Henri Chronology, Sullivan Goss Gallery (Santa Barbara, California)

RI: "Robert Henri and his Influence," Minnesota Museum of Art

RK: Ruth Kligman, Love Affair: A Memoir of Jackson Pollock (NY: Cooper Square Press, 1999 ed., orig. publ. William Morrow & Co., 1974)

RL: By Robert L. Pincus, "Allan Kaprow; visionary helped shape 'happening,'" San Diego Union-Tribune (April 23, 2006)


RM: Robert T. Buck (intro.), Essays by Dore Ashton and Jack Flam, Robert Motherwell exh. cat. (NY: Abbeville Press, Inc., 1983) (Albright-Knox Art Gallery:Oct. 1 - Nov. 27, 1983; Los Angeles County Museum of Art: January 5 - March 4, 1984; San Francisco Museum of Modern Art: April 12 - June 3, 1984; Seattle Art Museum: June 21 - August 5, 1984; Corcoran Gallery of Art: September 14 - November 4, 1984; The Solomon R. Guggenheim Museum: December 7, 1984 - February 3, 1985)

RO: James E.B. Breslin, Mark Rothko, A Biography (Chicago: The University of Chicago Press, 1993)

RP: Carolyn Kinder Carr, "Rebel Painters of the 1950s," essay written for the "Rebels: Painters and Poets of the 1950s" exhibition at the Smithsonian National Portrait Gallery in 1996.

RS: Robert L. Scott, "Diego Rivera at Rockefeller Center: Fresco Painting and Rhetoric," Western Journal of Speech Communication 41 (Spring 1977), p. 70-82

RT: Michael Corris, Ad Reinhardt (London: Reaktion Books, 2008

SA: Statement by Arshile Gorky given to the Museum of Modern Art, N.Y. in 1942 at the time they acquired Garden in Sochi, as quoted by Matossian in Black Angel (BA)

SB: Shulamith Behr, Expressionism (Movements in Modern Art Series) (London: Tate Gallery Publishing, Ltd., 1999)

SC: "Selective Auto-Elasto-Biographical Notes...," Matta Coïgitum exh. cat. (London: Arts Council of Great Britain, 1977), pp. 13 – 20

SCH: Tony Scherman and David Dalton, Pop: The Genius of Andy Warhol (HarperCollins Publishers, 2009)

SD: Philip Rylands (ed.), Stuart Davis, exh. cat. (SIAE, The Trustees of the Solomon R. Guggenheim Foundation, Electa, Milan, 1997)

SE: Interview with Elaine de Kooning Conducted by Phyllis Tuchman August 27, 1981 (Smithsonian Archives of American Art)

SG: Serge Guilbaut (transl. Arthur Goldhammer), How New York Stole the Idea of Modern Art: Abstract Expressionism, Freedom and the Cold War (Chicago: The University of Chicago Press, 1983)

SH: Shelley Staples, Armory Show website, University of Virginia, May 2001

SI: Ben Sisario, "Who Pocketed 3 Hunks of Bronze?," The New York Times (March 26, 2005)

SJ: Edward Alden Jewell, "Season Just Closing Stressed War," The New York Times (June 7, 1942)

SK: Sanka Knox, "Sloan to Receive Paintings Award," The New York Times (March 15, 1950), p. 27

SM: 17 Members Bolt Artists' Congress; Charge Organization Backs Stalinist 'Line' and Can 'Only Damage' Free Art," The New York Times (April 17, 1940), p. 23

SR: Interview with Robert Motherwell Conducted by Paul Cummings At the Artist's home in Greenwich, Connecticut November 24, 1971, Smithsonian Archives of American Art,

SS: Martica Sawin, Surrealism in Exile and the Beginning of the New York School (Cambridge: Massachusetts Institute of Technology, 1995)

ST: "Interview with Manuel Tolegian Conducted by Betty Hoag At the Artist's home in Sherman Oaks, California February 12, 1965," Smithsonian Archives of American Art

SV: Betty Lochrie Hoag "Oral History Interview with Frederick John de St. Vrain Schwankovsky, Laguna Beach, California, March 1, 1965, "Smithsonian Archives of American Art

SW: Tom Wolf, "Interview with Sally Avery Conducted by Tom Wolf At New York, New York 1982 February 19 & March 19," Smithsonian Archives of American Art,

SY: David Sylvester, Interviews with American Artists (London: Chatto & Windus, 2001)

TA: "Americans in Paris," Time magazine, April 18, 1955

TD: Francis M. Naumann and Hector Obalk (eds.), Affectt Marcel, The Selected Correspondence of Marcel Duchamp (London: Thames & Hudson, Ltd: 2002)

TH: Thomas Hess, Barnett Newman exh. cat., The Tate Gallery June 28 - August 6, 1972 (London: Tate Gallery Publications Dept., 1972)

TJ: T.J. Demos, "Zurich Dada: The Aesthetics of Exile," in Leah Dickerman with Matthew S. Witkovsky (eds.), The Dada Seminars (Washington: National Gallery of Art in assn. with Distributed Art Publishers, Inc, 2005)

TM: "Beautiful Doings," Time, May 22, 1939

TP: No author cited, "Artfinger: Turning Pictures into Gold," Time magazine (June 25, 1973)

TW: "On a Mexican Wall," Time, April 1, 1935

UA: Alexander Keneas, "Enigmatic Giant of Modern Art; The Grand Dada Marcel Duchamp, Art Giant, Dies," The New York Times, October 3, 1968, p. 1

UJ: Janis Mink, Marcel Duchamp 1887 - 1968: Art as Anti-Art (Köln: Taschen, 2004)

UL: Ursula Lehmann-Brockhaus (née Schmitt), "Selected Exhibitions," Matta Coïgitum exh. cat. (London: Arts Council of Great Britain, 1977), pp. 51 - 53

US: Berton Roueche, "Unframed Space," (Jackson Pollock interview in "Talk of the Town" section), The New Yorker (August 5, 1950), p. 16

VA: Valerie Ann Leeds, "The Independents: The Ashcan School & Their Circle from the Florida Collections," Traditional Fine Arts Organization (repr. in Resource Library, August 22, 2005)

VH: Virginia Hagelstein Marquardt, "Art on the Political Front in America - From The Liberator to Art Front," Art Journal, Spring 1993 


VP: Compiled by Catrina Neiman and Paul Nathan; Paul Bowles (foreword); Catrina Neiman (introduction); Charles Henri Ford (editor of View magazine), View, Parade of the Avant-Garde: An anthology of View magazine (1940 - 1947) (NY: Thunder's Mouth Press, 1991)

VR: Valerie Ann Leeds, "The Portraits of Robert Henri: Context and Influences," Traditional Fine Arts Organization repr. in Resource Library, August 2, 2005


WA: Miguel López-Remiro (ed.), Writings on Art: Mark Rothko (New Haven: Yale University Press, 2006)

WB: "Andre Breton," Wikipedia

WC: Brief Biographical Chronology of Wolfgang Paalen

WD: "William Baziotes, Painter, Dies; Leading Abstractionist Was 52," The New York Times (June 7, 1963)

WK: Wassily Kadinsky (transl. by Michael T.H. Sadler), Concerning the Spiritual in Art (London: Tate Publishing, 2006)

WP: Frances Stonor Saunders, Who Paid the Piper? The CIA and the Cultural Cold War (London: Granta Books, 1999)

WR: William Rubin, "Matta," The Museum of Modern Art Bulletin, v. 25, no. 1 (1957)