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Warholstars Sources

Below is a list of the some of the sources used for this site and the codes for the titles.
For instance, the citation "(AA13)" indicates page 13 of the book, After Andy: Soho in the Eighties.

The sources for the Abstract Expressionism section can be found separately at:

The sources for "Andy Warhol: From Nowhere to Up There" can be found at:

Paul Taylor, After Andy: Soho in the Eighties (Melbourne: Schwartz City, 1995)

AAT: Archive of American Television, Emmy TV Legends, Charles Lisanby Archive Interview Part 2 of 6,

AB: Andy Warhol, The Philosophy of Andy Warhol (From A to B and Back Again) (NY: Harcourt, Brace, Jovanovich, 1975)

AC: Julia Hastings (designer) and Phaidon editors, Andy Warhol Giant Size (NY: Phaidon Press, 2006)

AD: Callie Angell, Andy Warhol Screen Tests: The Films of Andy Warhol Catalogue Raisonne (Vol. 1) (NY: Abrams in association with the Whitney Museum of American Art, 2006)

AE: Sotheby's auction catalogue, The Andy Warhol Collection: Americana and European and American Paintings, Drawings and Prints (1988)

AF: Germano Celant, Andy Warhol: A Factory (Ostfildern: Hatje, 1999)

AFI: American Film Institute Catalog: Feature Films 1961-1970 (Berkeley, Los Angeles and London: University of California Press, 1997 (originally published 1976 by R.R. Bowker Company)

AG: P. Adams Sitney, Visionary Film: The American Avant-Garde (NY: Oxford University Press, 1974)

AI: David Ebony, "Walter Hopps, 1932-2005," Art in America, May 2005

AM: Bob Smith (dir.), Andy Makes a Movie, filmed in May 1968

AN: G.R. Swenson, "What is Pop Art?," Art News, November 1963

ANW: G.R. Swenson, "What is Pop Art? Part II," Art News, February 1964, pp. 40-41

AO: Email dated October 20, 2008.

AP: Henry Geldzahler, American Painting in the 20th Century (NY: Metropolitan Museum of Art, 1965)

AS: Sarah Kent, "Aftershock," Time Out London, April 9 - 16, 2003

ASL: John Wilcock, The Autobiography and Sex Life of Andy Warhol (NY: Other Scenes, 1971)

AT: Matt Wrbican and Geralyn Huxley, Andy Warhol Treasures (London: Goodman, 2009)

ATP: Billy Name (photos), Dave Hickey (text), Collier Schorr (interviewer), All Tomorrow's Parties: Billy Name's Photographs of Andy Warhol's Factory (London: Frieze, 1997)

AU: John Cale and Victor Bockris, What's Welsh for Zen: The Autobiography of John Cale (NY/London: Bloomsbury Publishing, 1999)

AV: Avis Berman, "The Transformations of Roy Lichtenstein: an oral history," in Michael Juul Holm, Poul Erik Tøjner and Martin Caiger-Smith (eds.), Roy Lichtenstein: All About Art (Humlebæk, Denmark: Louisiana Museum of Modern Art, 2003), pp. 114 - 133

AWC: John Coplans, Andy Warhol, (NY: NY Graphic Society, ca. 1971)

AWD: Pat Hackett (ed.), The Andy Warhol Diaries (NY: Warner Books, 1989)

AWM: The Andy Warhol Museum staff, Andy Warhol 365 Takes (NY: Harry N Abrams, 2004)

AWMU: Tom Armstrong (foreword), essays by Callie Angell, Avis Berman, Arthur C. Danto, Mark Francis et al., The Andy Warhol Museum (NY: Distributed Art Publishers, 1994)

AWP: Andy Warhol, Andy Warhol Photography (Thalwil: Edition Stemmle, 1999)

B: Billy Name

BA: Phoebe Hoban, Basquiat, A Quick Killing in Art (NY: Viking, 1998)

BAM: Brooklyn Academy of Music

BB: Vincent Fremont and Sally Dunn Fremont (dirs.), Pie in the Sky: The Brigid Berlin Story DVD, NY: New Video Group, 2001

BBF: "Broker Beat: Fredericks tells of Renovations, Warhol's Toupé," (accessed 2 November 2012)

BBM: Julian Palacios, Beck: Beautiful Monstrosity (London: Boxtree Publs., 2000)

BBR: Rob Jovanovic, Beck! On A Backwards River (London: Virgin Publishing, 2000)

BC: Bob Colacello, Holy Terror: Andy Warhol Close Up (NY: Harper Collins, 1990)

BCR: Bosley Crowther, "Screen: 'My Hustler' Opens at Hudson: Warhol Work Made Up of 2 Conversations," The New York Times, 11 July 1967 (

BD: Clinton Heylin, Bob Dylan: Behind the Shades Revisited (NY: Viking, 2000)

BE: Benjamin H.D. Buchloh, "Andy Warhol's One-Dimensional Art: 1956 - 1966" in Annette Michelson (ed.) October Files 2 (Cambridge: The MIT Press, 2001), pp. 1 - 46 (Originally published in Andy Warhol: A Retrospective (New York: Museum of Modern Art, 1989)

BF: David Frost (interviewer) Breakfast with Frost (TV), David Frost interviews Tracey Emin, 30 May 2004 (London)

BH: Bibbe Hansen

BL: Barbara Haskell, Blam! The Explosion of Pop, Minimalism and Performance 1958 - 1964, (NY: Whitney Museum of American Art in association with W.W. Norton & Company, 1984)

BLF: Brian L. Frye, "The Dialectic of Obscenity," Hamline Law Review, Vol. 35, Issue 1, pp. 229-278.

BLFS: Brian L. Frye, "Interview with Jonas Mekas," Senses of Cinema, Issue 17, November 2001, (accessed 28 May 2014)

BM: Barry Blinderman, "Modern Myths: Andy Warhol," Arts, October 1981 reprinted in Kenneth Goldsmith (ed.), I'll Be Your Mirror: The Selected Andy Warhol Interviews, 1962 - 1987 (New York: Carroll & Graf Publishers, 2004), pp. 290-300.

BN: Debra Miller, Billy Name: Stills from the Warhol Films (NY: Prestel-Verlag, 1994)

BP: Bennard B. Perlman, "The Education of Andy Warhol," in The Andy Warhol Museum (NY: Distributed Art Publishers, Inc, 1994)

BR: Barbara Rose, Claes Oldenburg (NY:Museum of Modern Art, 1970)

BS: Hugo Vickers (ed.), Beaton in the Sixties: More Unexpurgated Diaries (London: Phoenix, 2004)

C: Craig Highberger (dir.), Superstar in a Housedress: The Life and Times of Jackie Curtis DVD and Book (NY: Penguin, 2005)

CA: Callie Angell

CB: Callie Angell lecture, Andy Warhol film series, ICA London, August 7, 2007

CC: Wendell C. Stone, Caffe Cino: The Birthplace of Off-Off-Broadway (Carbondale: Southern Illinois University Press, 2005)

CD: Jeremiah Newton, Francesca Passalacqua and D.E. Hardy (eds.), My Face for the World to See: The Diaries, Letters and Drawings of Candy Darling, Andy Warhol Superstar (Honolulu: Hardy Marks Publications, 1997)

CH: Clinton Heylin (ed.), All Yesterdays' Parties: The Velvet Underground in Print 1966-1971 (Da Capo Press, 2006)

CL: "Calendar Live," L.A. Times, May 2, 2002,,1419,L-LATimes-Guide-X!ArticleDetail-57833,00.html.


CN: John Palmer and David Weisman (dirs.) Ciao! Manhattan DVD (NY:Plexiflim, 2002) (Filmed from Easter Sunday 1967 - January 1971)

CNB: Ciao Manhattan DVD booklet

CP: Chris Rodley (dir.), Andy Warhol: The Complete Picture (World of Wonder/Channel 4, 2001)

CR: Carter Ratcliff, Andy Warhol (NY: Abbeville Publ., 1983)

CS: Scott MacDonald, Cinema 16: Documents Toward a History of the Film Society (Philadelphia: Temple University Press, 2002)

CW: Natalie Edgar (ed.), Club without Walls: Selections from the Journals of Philip Pavia (NY: Midmarch Arts Press, 2007)

DB: David Bourdon, Warhol (NY: Harry N. Abrams Inc., 1989)

DBS: Dawn B. Sova, Banned Plays (NY: Facts On File, Inc., 2004)

DD: Paul Alexander, Death and Disaster: The Rise of the Warhol Empire and the Race for Andy's Millions (NY: Villard Books, 1994)

DJ: David E. James (ed.), To Free the Cinema: Jonas Mekas &The New York Underground (Princeton, N.J.: Princeton University Press, 1992)

DK: David Kaufman, "The Roots of the Ridiculous," The New York Times, September 24, 1989.

DM: David McCabe (photog.) and David Dalton (text), A Year in the Life of Andy Warhol (NY: Phaidon, 2003)

DP: Diane Di Prima, Recollections of My Life as a Woman: The New York Years (NY: Penguin, 2002)

DQ: Diane di Prima Papers Biographical Notes (University of Louisville), (accessed January 2009)

DS: Donna de Salvo, Ray Johnson: Correspondences (Paris: Flammarion, 1999)

DT: Donna de Salvo et. al, "Success is a job in New York..." The Early Art and Business of Andy Warhol (NY: Grey Art Gallery and Study Center and The Carnegie Museum of Art, 1989)

DW: Patrick J. Webster, "In the Factory: Dylan and Warhol's World," published in Michael Gray and John Bauldie (eds.), All Across the Telegraph, A Bob Dylan Handbook (London: Futura Publications, 1988)

EB: Ebay

EDIE: Jean Stein with George Plimpton (eds.), Edie, An American Biography (NY:Alfred A. Knopf, 1982)

EG: Ethan Getto

ER: Elaine Rusinko, "'We Are All Warhol's Children': Andy and the Rusyns," The Carl Beck Papers in Russsian and East European Studies, No. 2204, November 2012 (Pittsburgh: University Library System, University of Pittsburgh)

ES: "Edie Sedgwick, Warhol Star, 28: Lead in Artist's 1965-66 Films Dies of Overdose," The New York Times, November 23, 1971, p. 45

EV: Barney Rosset (ed.), The Evergreen Review Reader: 1967 - 1973 (NY: Four Walls Eight Windows, 1998)

EX: Gerda Johanna Cammaer, "EXPRMNTL 3 / Knokke-le-Zoute 1963: Flaming Creatures, Raving Features," SYNOPTIQUE - An Online Journal of Film and Moving Image Studies, 14 March 2005, (Accessed: 26 April 2014)

FA: The Face magazine, March 1985, London

FAW: Callie Angell, The Films of Andy Warhol Part II (NY: Whitney Museum of Art, 1994)

FB: Diane di Prima and LeRoi Jones (eds), The Floating Bear: a newsletter (La Jolla: Laurence McGilvery, 1973)

FF: Films and Filming magazine, August 1969 (Hansom Books, London)

FJ: Frayda Feldman and Jorg Schellman, Andy Warhol Prints: A Catalogue Raisonné 1962 - 1987 (Third edition revised and expanded by Frayda Feldman and Claudia Defendi) (Edition Schellmann at Schirmer/Mosel Verlag, Ronald Feldman Fine Arts/The Andy Warhol Foundation for the Visual Arts, Inc., rev. ed. 1997)

FL: Christopher Luna (ed.), The Flame is Ours: The Letters of Stan Brakhage and Michael McClure 1961 - 1978 (Guerneville, California: Big Bridge Press, 2011)

FM: Steven Watson, Factory Made: Warhol and the Sixties (NY: Pantheon, 2003)

FPM: Maurice Yacowar, The Films of Paul Morrissey (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1993)

FS: Callie Angell, "Andy Warhol: Outer and Inner Space in Geralyn Huxley et. al., From Stills to Motion and Back Again: Texts on Andy Warhol's Screen Tests & Outer and Inner Space (Vancouver: Presentation House Gallery, 2003)

GAB: Barry Miles, Ginsberg: A Biography (London: Virgin Publishing Ltd., 2000)

GB: Harriet Vyner Groovy Bob: The Life and Times of Robert Fraser (London: Faber & Faber, Ltd., 1999)

GBA: Gordon Baldwin (25 September 2006)

GE: Gene Youngblood, Expanded Cinema (NY: P. Dutton & Co., 1970) (

GF: Melissa Painter and David Weisman, Edie Girl on Fire (San Francisco, Chronicle Books, 2006)

GFL: Guy Flatley, "How to Become a Superstar - And Get Paid, Too," The New York Times, Arts & Leisure Section, 31 December 1967, p. 57

GG: Gary Garrison, Charles Ludlam bio in Billy J. Harbin, Kim Marra, and Robert A. Schanke, eds., The Gay and Lesbian Theatrical Legacy (University of Michigan Press, 2005), pp. 257-260

GH: Geoffrey Hendricks, Critical Mass: Happenings, Fluxus, Performance, Intermedia and Rutgers University 1958-1972 (New Brunswick, N.J.: Rutgers University Press, 2003)

GI: Gary Indiana, Andy Warhol and The Can that Sold the World (NY: Basic Books, 2010)

GJG: John Giorno, "My 15 Minutes," The Guardian (London), Thursday February 14, 2002

GM: Gerard Malanga (photos), Patrick Remy (ed.) and Marc Parent (ed.) Gerard Malanga: Screen Tests, Portraits, Nudes 1964 - 1996 (Gottingen: Steidle, 2000)

GML: Gerard Malanga lecture, ICA, London, April 6, 2002

GMW: Gerard Malanga, Archiving Warhol: Writings and Photographs (NY: Creation Books, 2002)

GN: Glyn Davis and Gary Needham (eds.), Warhol in Ten Takes (London: Palgrave Macmillan on behalf of the British Film Institute, 2013)

GNF: Joel Cooper (interviewer) and Nat Finkelstein (interviewee), "My 15 Minutes," The Guardian newspaper (London), Wednesday February 13, 2002

GO: Jimmy McDonough, The Ghastly One: The Sex-Gore Netherworld of Filmmaker Andy Milligan (Chicago Review Press, 2001)

GP: Planet Group Entertainment, "The Gerard Malanga Interview,"

GR: Gino Rizzo, "'Toward Eroticizing All Thought'" [Letter to the Editor], The New York Times, January 5, 1969, p. D6

GU: Mary Woronov, "My 15 Minutes with Andy," The Guardian newspaper (London), Saturday July 21, 2001

GU2: Fiachra Gibbons, "Hirst Buys His Art Back From Saatchi," The Guardian newspaper (London), November 27, 2003

GU3: Charlott Higgins and Vikram Dodd, "50 Years of British Art Lies In Ashes," The Guardian newspaper (London), May 27, 2004

GV: Sally Banes, Greenwich Village 1963: Avant-Garde Performance and the Effervescent Body (NY: Duke University Press, 1993)

GW: Caroline Roux, "Caroline Rake's Progress," The Guardian Weekend magazine (London) Saturday September 21, 2002

GY: Genevieve Yue, "Jonas Mekas," Senses of Cinema website (accessed January 2009)

HB: Anthony T. Mazzola and Charlie Scheips (Foreword), Andy Warhol: The Bazaar Years 1951 - 1964 (NY: Hearst Corporation)

HK: Hilton Kramer, "The Sadness of Ray Johnson in Big New Whitney Show," The New York Observer (February 7, 1999)

HR: Yvonne Sewall-Ruskin, High on Rebellion: Inside the Underground at Max's Kansas City (NY: Thunders Mouth Press, 1998)

HT: Howard Thompson, "Movie Review - Bike Boy (1967): More Warhol - 'Bike Boy' Opens at the Hudson Theater," The New York Times, 6 October 1967

HTA: Howard Thompson, "Movie Review - I a Man (1967): The Screen: Andy Warhol's 'I, a Man' at the Hudson," The New York Times, 25 August 1967

HW: Holly Woodlawn with Jeffrey Copeland, A Low Life in High Heels: The Holly Woodlawn Story (NY: St. Martins Press, 1991)

I11: Andy Warhol's Interview magazine, November 2001

IAP: Andy Warhol's Interview magazine, April 1973





IDC: Andy Warhol's Interview magazine, December 1974

IFB: Andy Warhol's Interview magazine, February 1975

IJY: Andy Warhol's Interview magazine, July 1973

IMY: Andy Warhol's Interview magazine, May 1973.

IMDB: Internet Movie Database

IS: Irving Sandler, A Sweeper-Up After Artists (London: Thames & Hudson, 2004)

ISS: Roberta Smith, "Ileana Sonnabend Dies; Art World Figure was 92," The New York Times, October 24, 2007

IW: Ian Willoughby, "Exhibition turns spotlight on Andy Warhol's origins," Czech Position, 24 January 2011,’s-origins (accessed 21 July 2013)

J: Joe Preston - cousin to Jackie Curtis (who was also Joe's godfather)

JC: David Revill, The Roaring Silence: John Cage: A Life (NY: Arcade Publishing, 1992)


JD: Sally Banes, Democracy's Body: Judson Dance Theater, 1962-1964 (Durham and London: Duke University Press, 1993)

JG: John Giorno, You Got to Burn and Shine: New and Selected Writing (NY: High Risk, 1994)

JH: J. Hoberman, On Jack Smith's Flaming Creatures and Other Secret Flix of Cinemaroc (NY: Hips Road, 2001)

JJ: Kirk Varnedoe (ed.) and Christel Hollevoet (compiler), Jasper Johns: Writings, Sketchbook Notes, Interviews (NY: The Museum of Modern Art, 1996)

JJM: J.J. Murphy, The Black Hole of the Camera: The Films of Andy Warhol (London: University of California Press, 2012)

JJO: Jill Johnston, Autobiography in Search of a Father Volume II: Paper Daughter (NY: Alfred A. Knopf, 1985)

JJR: Kirk Varnedoe, Jasper Johns: A Retrospective (exh. cat.) (NY: The Museum of Modern Art, 1996)

JM: Jonas Mekas, Movie Journal: The Rise of a New American Cinema, 1959-1971 (New York: Collier Books, 1972)

JMN: Jonas Mekas, I Had Nowhere to Go (NY: Black Thistle Press, 1991)

JMO: Aileen Torres, "Pioneer of American avant-garde film soldiers on," Downtown Express (NY: NYC Community Media LLC) , Vol. 16, Issue 38, 20-26 February, 2004,

JMSB: "A Conversation between Jonas Mekas and Stan Brakhage," Logos, Volume 2, Issue 2, Spring 2003, (Accessed May 2014)

JMV: Jonas Mekas, "Movie Journal" The Village Voice, 5 October 1961, p. 13.

JOE: MIchael Ferguson, Little Joe, Superstar: The Films of Joe Dallesandro (California: Companion Press, 1998)

JP: Jean-Pierre Lenoir, "Paris Impressed by Warhol Show," The New York Times, May 13, 1965, p. 34

JR: John Richardson, Sacred Monsters, Sacred Masters (London: Pimlico, 2002)

JRC: Jacob R. Clark

JS: Edward Leffingwell, Carole Kismaric, Marvin Hoffman (eds.), Jack Smith: Flaming Creature, His Amazing Life and Times (London: Serpent's Tail, 1997)

JSW1: Invoice from Michael-Hue-Williams to Joe Simon, 25 August 1989

JSW2: Agreement between De Greve Fine Art and Joe Simon, 16 July 2001

JSW3: "To Whom It May Concern" letter from Jonathan O'Hara, 4 December 2001

JSW4: Michael Shnayerson, "Judging Andy," Vanity Fair, November 2003

JSW5: Case Action Complaint and Jury Demand, Case No. 6423, US District Court, Southern District of New York, "Joe Simon-Whelan, Plaintiff against The Andy Warhol Foundation for the Visual arts, Inc, the Estate of Andy Warhol, Vincent Fremont, Individually and Successor Executor for the Estate of Andy Warhol, Vincent Fremont Enterprises, the Andy Warhol Art Authentication Board, Inc., John Does 1-20.., Defendants."

JSW6: Letter to the Andy Warhol Art Authentication Board from Paul Morrissey, 1 November 2002

JSW7: Letter from the Andy Warhol Art Authentication Board to Richard Ekstract, 29 October 2004

JSW8: Transcript of tape-recorded conversations about the video equipment between Warhol and his colleagues with notes by Joe Simon-Whelan

JSW9: Richard Dorment, "What Andy Warhol Did," The New York Review of Books, April 7, 2011

JSW10: Statement by Herman P. Meyers, 2 November 2002

JSW11: Statement by Gustave (Gus) Hunkele, 12 January 2004

JSW12: "To Whom It May Concern" letter from Peter Palazzo, 25 January 2005

JSW14: Paul Morrissey deposition, 16 June 2010

JSW15: Letter from the Andy Warhol Art Authentication Board, Inc. to Richard Ekstract, 29 October 2004

JSW16: Hi-Fi Buyers Guide, no. 788, 1966, mid-year edition

JSW17: Joel Wachs, Richard Ekstract, Richard Polsky, David Mearns, Richard Dorment, "'What is an Andy Warhol?': An Exchange," New York Review of Books, 19 November 2009.

JT: John Tytell, The Living Theatre: Art, Exile and Outrage (London: Methuen Drama, 1997)

JW: John Wilcock, Christopher Trela (ed.), The Autobiography and Sex Life of Andy Warhol (NY: Trela, LLC, 2010)

KA: Simon Hattenstone, "Kenneth Anger: 'No, I am not a Satinist'," The Guardian, March 10, 2010

KE: Douglas Kellner, Baudrillard: A Critical Reader (London: Blackwell Publishing, 1994)

KG: Kenneth Goldsmith (ed.) I'll Be Your Mirror: The Selected Andy Warhol Interviews (NY: Carroll & Graf, 2004)

KT: Tom Wolfe, The Kandy-Kolored Tangerine-Flake Streamline Baby (London: Picador, 1981)

LA: Lawrence Alloway, "The Development of British Pop," in Lucy R. Lippard, Pop Art (London: Thames & Hudson, 2001 - originally published 1966), pp. 27 - 50

LB: Fred Lawrence Guiles, Loner at the Ball: The Life of Andy Warhol (London: Black Swan, 1990)

LD: Victor Bockris, The Life and Death of Andy Warhol (London: Fourth Estate Ltd., 1998)

LF: Landmarks Foundation Newsletter, Volume 2, Spring 2001

LR: Victor Bockris, Lou Reed: The Biography (Fully Revised Edition) (London: Vintage, 1995)

LT: Kristine McKenna, "Beck's First Sampling," Los Angeles Times, May 3, 1998

LT: Jean-Hubert Martin, Andy Warhol: The Late Work (Prestel, 2004)

LU: Lucy R. Lippard, Pop Art (London: Thames & Hudson, Ltd., 2001)

M: Mark Lancaster


MB: Marc Balet

MC: Michael McClure, "Michael McClure lecture about the origins of theater," July 31, 1989

MCA: MCA Education Kit: Sam Taylor Wood (Museum of Contemporary Art 2006)

MG: All Movie Guide

MH: Martin Heidegger, "On the Origin of the Work of Art,"

MI: Michael Boosin (Correspondence January/February 2007)

MK: Matthias Kunz, "An Interview with Charles Lisanby," in Andy Warhol, A Trip Around the World 1956: Asia Drawings (Munich: Sabine Knust, 2006)

ML: Marco Livingstone, Pop Art, A Continuing History (London: Thames & Hudson, Ltd., 2000)

MLR: Melba LaRose

MM: Jane Edwardes, "Michael McClure: Interview," Time Out (London), July 18, 2006

MO: Michael Oren, "USCO: 'Getting Out of Your Mind to Use Your Head," Art Journal, Winter 2010 (

MP: "Walter Hopps (1932–2005)," The Menil Collection Press Release

MS: Michael Smith correspondence, January 17, 2006

MW: Mary Woronov, Swimming Underground: My Years in the Warhol Factory (London: Serpent's Tail, 2000)


MX: Gary Indiana, "Mary Woronov," Interview magazine (NY: Brant Publications, Inc.) June-July, 2008, p. 95

NF: Nat Finkelstein, Andy Warhol: The Factory Years, 1964-1967 (Edinburgh: Canongate Books, 1999)

NG: Norman R. Glick (3 July 2007)

NI: Susan Ofteringer (dir.), Nico Icon DVD (Fox Lorber, 1995)

NJ: Judith Christ, "The Real Joanne Woodward Stands Up," New York Magazine, 23 September 1968

NL: Jack Sargeant, Naked Lens: Beat Cinema (London: Creation Books, 1997)

NR: Nan Rosenthal, "Let Us Now Praise Famous Men: Warhol as Art Director," in Gary Garrels (ed.), The Work of Andy Warhol, Dia Art Foundation, Discussions in Contemporary Culture, Number 3 (Seattle: Bay Press, 1989), pp. 34-51

NS: James Young, Nico: Songs They Never Play on the Radio (London: Bloomsbury Publ., 1992)


NYD: New York Daily News/Columnists/July 20, 2004

NYT1: Horacio Silva "Remembrance of Things Ast," NY Times, February 24, 2002

NYT2: David Carr, "A Half Century of Avant-Garde Memories," NY Times, June 15, 2003

NYT3: Kay Larson, "Billy Kluver, 76, an Engineer Who Collaborate With Artists, Dies," NY Times, January 13, 2004.

NYT4: Howard Thompson, "Screen: 3 Visit Pig Butchery in Fontaine's 'Double Pisces Scorpio Rising,'" NY Times, September 14, 1970.

NYO: Simon Doonan, "Mommy, Andy and Me," New York Observer, May 14, 2001, p. 15

OV: Eva Meyer-Hermann (ed.), Andy Warhol, A Guide to 706 Items in 2 Hours 56 Minutes (Rotterdam: NAi Publishers, 2007)

PA: P. Adams Sitney (ed.), Film Culture Reader (NY: Cooper Square Press, 2000)

PC: Steven Henry Madoff (ed.), Pop Art: A Critical History (University of California Press, 1997)

PG: Betsy Ennis, "Walter Hopps Named Adjunct Senior Curator...," (Press Release), Guggenheim Museum, March 20, 2001

PH: Phoebe Hoban, Art: Radio Free Tribeca," NY Times, May 23, 2004

PK: Jim Edwards, David E. Brauer, Christopher Finch, Walter Hopps, Pop Art: US/UK Connections: 1956-1966 (Ostfildern-Ruit: Hatje Cantz Verlag, 2001)

PM: Legs McNeil and Gillian McCain, Please Kill Me: The Uncensored Oral History of Punk (London: Abacus, 1997)

PO: John Gruen, The Party's Over Now (NY: The Viking Press, 1972)

POP: Andy Warhol and Pat Hackett, Popism: The Warhol Sixties (NY: Harcourt Brace, 1980)

PP: The Complete Reprint of Physique Pictorial: 1951 - 1990 (Taschen Verlag, 1997)

PS: Patrick S. Smith, Andy Warhol's Art and Films (Michigan: UMI Research Press, 1986)

PT: Kelly M. Cresap, Pop Trickster Fool: Warhol Performs Naivete (Chicago: U. of Illinois Press, 2004)

PTA: Parker Tyler, Underground Film: A Critical History (NY: Da Capo Press, 1995)

QU: Rosalind Constable, "New York's Avantgarde, And How it Got There," The Sunday Herald Tribune Magazine (New York), May 17, 1964, p. 10 as quoted in Ernst Beyeler, Georg Frei, "Introduction," in Andy Warhol Series and Singles exh. cat. (Reihen/Basel: Fondation Beyeler, 2000) p. 12. The quote has also appeared in some sources as "If a man takes 50 Campbell's soup cans and puts them on canvas, it is not the retinal image that concerns us. What interests us is the concept that wants to put 50 Campbell's soup cans on a a canvas." Samuel A. Green also used the quote in the exhibition catalogue of "Andy Warhol" at the Institute of Contemporary Art, University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia (October 8 - November 21, 1965.) (This was the exhibition at which Warhol and Edie Sedgwick were mobbed and had to escape via the fake ceiling - see 1965 and The quote also later appeared in Rainer Crone, Andy Warhol (London: Thames and Hudson Ltd, 1970).

R: Ryan Hill, Paul America's nephew

RA: Mary Lynn Kotz, Rauschenberg Art/Life (NY:Harry N. Abrams, 2004)

RAC: The Racquette, The State University of New York at Potsdam, Potsdam NY, Sept. 29, 2001

RB: Roslyn Bernstein & Shael Shapiro, Illegal Living: 80 Wooster Street and the Evolution of Soho (Vilnius, Lithuania: Jono Meko Fondas (Jonas Mekas Foundation), 2010

RC: Rainer Crone (translated from German by John William Gabriel), Andy Warhol (London: Thames and Hudson, Ltd., 1970)

RE: Bill Wilson (aka William S. Wilson), "Retrospections on West 23rd Street," June 15, 2006.

RG: Regan Wheat, SRISA Contemporary Art Gallery,

RH: Richard Hamilton

RH1: Ryan Hill, Paul America's nephew, email dated December 2, 2007

RI: Deborah Soloman, "The Way We Live Now: 12-01-02: Questions for Robert Indiana, The New York Times, December 1, 2002, p. 623

RK: Richard Kostelanetz, The Theatre of Mixed Means. (London: Pitman Publishing, 1970)

RN: George Frei and Neil Prinz, The Andy Warhol Catalogue Raisonné: Paintings and Sculpture 1961-1963 Vol. 1 (NY: Phaidon Press, 2002)

RNA: George Frei and Neil Prinz, The Andy Warhol Catalogue Raisonné: Paintings and Sculpture 1964-1969 Vol. 2A (NY: Phaidon Press, 2004)

RNB: George Frei and Neil Prinz, The Andy Warhol Catalogue Raisonné: Paintings and Sculpture 1964-1969 Vol. 2B (NY: Phaidon Press, 2004)

RO: Branden Wayne Joseph, Robert Rauschenberg, Random Order: Robert Rauschenberg and the Neo-avant-garde (MIT Press, 2003)

RP: Robert Patrick correspondence, January 13, 2006, January 16, 2006, May 5, 2009 May 6, 2009 and June 27, 2009.

RR: Richard Craven


RS: Andy Warhol and Truman Capote, "Sunday with Mr. C.: An Audio Documentary by Andy Warhol," Rolling Stone magazine, April 12, 1973

RT: Ronald Tavel

RW: Reva Wolf, Andy Warhol, Poetry, and Gossip in the 1960s (The University of Chicago Press, 1997)

S: Susan Pile

SA: "Samuel M. Green, Art Professor, 85," Obituaries, New York Times, April 19, 1995

SB: Stephen J. Bottoms, Playing Underground: A Critical History of the 1960s Off-Off Broadway Movement (Ann Arbor: The University of Michigan Press, 2006)

SC: Tony Scherman and David Dalton, Pop: The Genius of Andy Warhol (HarperCollins Publishers, 2009)

SD: David Patrick Columbia, New York Social Diary, March 14, 2011

SF: Sam Green as told to Janet Midwinter, "I wasn't to blame for heiress murder, says art expert depicted on screen in 'incest threesome,' Daily Mail, 12 July 2008

SG: Stephen Koch, Stargazer: The Life, World and Films of Andy Warhol (NY: Marion Boyars, 1991)

SH: Ronald Tavel, Shower, (012.pdf)

SHU: Mark Shulgasser and Lee Hoiby (emails 10 July 2010/14 July 2010)

SI: Jeffrey Slonim, "Site Specific," Madison Magazine, August 1999.

SK: Søren Kierkegaard, "Repetition: An Essay in Experimental Psychology by Constantine Constantius" in M.G. Piety (transl. and notes) and Edward F. Mooney (intro. and notes), Repetition and Philosophical Crumbs (Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2009)

SL: Anthony Haden-Guest, Studio 54: The Legend (NY: Te Neues, 1997)

SK: Christine Vachon, Shooting to Kill (London: Bloomsbury, 1998)


SN: "In Memoriam: Eric Emerson," The Soho Weekly News, Thursday, June 5, 1975

SS: Steven Gaines, "Sometimes a Somebody," Vanity Fair, January 1987, pp. 85- 88, 98-100

ST: The Sunday Telegraph Magazine (London), June 24, 2001

STM: Waldemar Januszczak, "Famous for 527,040 Minutes," The Sunday Times Magazine (London), October 20, 1996

STR: Stephen Tropiano

STS: Richard Calvocoressi, "Many Faces of America on the Wall," Sunday Times Scotland, January 4, 2004

SU: Germano Celant (ed.) Super Warhol, (Milano: Skira Editore S.p.A., 2003)

SW: Interview tapes by Steven Watson for Factory-Made: Warhol and the Sixties.

TA: Lawrence Alloway, Topics in American Art Since 1945 (NY: W.W. Norton & Company Inc., 1975)

TI: The Andy Warhol Museum (ed.), Time Capsule 21 and Its Contents (Cologne: DuMont Literatur und Kunst Verlag, 2003)

TK: Thomas Kiedrowski

TKA: Thomas Kiedrowski, Andy Warhol's New York City: Four Walks Uptown to Downtown (NY: The Little Bookroom, 2011)

TM: Tate Modern Events brochure, February - March 2002

TO: Grace Glueck, "5-Ton Head from Easter Island is Put on a Pedestal," The New York Times (NY: October 22, 1968, p. 49)

TR: Ronald Tavel, "The Theatre of The Ridiculous and Underground Films: Andy Warhol, Jack Smith," (Ronald Tavel/beginning)

TS: Sally Banes, Terpsichore in Sneakers: Post-Modern Dance (Middletown, CT: Wesleyan University Press, 1987)

TT: Matt Wrbican, "The True Story of 'My True Story'" in Eva Meyer-Hermann, Andy Warhol: A Guide to 706 Items in 2 Hours 56 Minutes: Other Voices Other Rooms (exh. cat.) (Rotterdam: NAi Publishers, 2007), pp. 56 - 57

UT: Victor Bockris and Gerard Malanga, Uptight: The Story of the Velvet Underground (Omnibus Press, 1983)

UV: Ultra Violet (Isabelle Collin Dufresne), Famous for 15 Minutes: My Years with Andy Warhol (NY: Harcourt Brace Jovanovich, 1988)

UW: John O' Connor and Benjamin Liu, Unseen Warhol (NY: Rizzoli, 1996)

VF: Vincent Fremont, "Brigid Berlin," Interview magazine (NY: Brant Publications, Inc.) June-July, 2008, pp. 92-3

VS: Vito Schnabel, "Factory Workers Warholites Remember: Rene Ricard," Interview magazine,

VT: Andy Warhol's Video and Television: Whitney Museum of American Art, February 22 - March 22, 1991, Exhibition pamphlet.

VWB: Visions of Warhol VHS booklet/Re:Voir Video/

VY: Lynne Tillman and Stephen Shore, Velvet Years: Warhol's Factory 1965-1967 (London: Pavilion Books Ltd, 1995)

VV: "Village Voice Obies 1967,"

VVM: C. Carr, "Buried Alive," Village Voice, October 22, 2002

VVR: Village '65 Revisited (Letter to the Editor), Village Voice, July 27, 1982

W: Matt Wrbican, The Warhol museum archivist

WA: Sarah Whitfield, et. al., "What Is a Warhol?: An Exchange," New York Review of Books, 17 December 2009

WC: Patrick S. Smith, Warhol: Conversations about the Artist (Ann Arbor: UMI Research Press, 1988)

WF: Andy Warhol's Fifteen Minutes

WI: Colin MacCabe, Mark Francis and Peter Woolen, Who is Andy Warhol? (British Film Institute & The Andy Warhol Museum, 1997)

WK: Walter Kerr, "Theater in Judson Church/'If I May Denture to Be So Told...'," The New York Times, December 1, 1968, p. D-3

WPL: Yvonne Shinhoster Lamb, "Walter Hopps; Curator Of 20th-Century Art," Washington Post, March 22, 2005, p. B06 (

WPR: Paul Richard, "Walter Hopps, Museum Man With a Talent For Talent," Washington Post, March 22, 2005, p. C01 (

WSW: William S. Wilson

WW: James Marsh (dir.), Walk on the Wild Side (BBC Arena, 1993)

X1: Anonymous

Andy Warhol