Andy Warhol Chronology
by Gary Comenas
Andy Warhol meets Jon Gould. Lou Reed and Joe Dallesandro clean up. Fred Hughes attacks Andy Warhol. Andy Warhol does TV. Holly Woodlawn attempts suicide. Andy Warhol opens the fouth Factory (office) at the Con Edison building. Andy Warhol meets Sam Bolton. Andy Warhol appears in Love Boat. Ingrid Superstar disappears. The Velvet Underground re-unite.
Deaths: Gregory Battcock (murdered), Tom Baker (drugs), Paul America (car accident), Mickey Ruskin, Jackie Curtis (drugs), Tinkerbelle (suicide), Mario Amaya (AIDS), Jon Gould (AIDS), Gino Piserchio (AIDS), Henry Geldzahler (AIDS), Andy Warhol, Sterling Morrison, Charles Ludlam, Nico, Ondine (liver disease), Steve Rubell, Halston, Jed Johnson (plane crash), Rufus Collins (AIDS), Fred Hughes (MS), Pat Ast, Lester Persky, Cyrinda Foxe, Charles Henri Ford, Richard Bernstein, Stephen Sprouse, Tom Wesselman, Susan Sontag, Suzie Frankfurt, Philip Johnson, David Whitney, Ronald Tavel, Callie Angell, Jill Johnston, Ronnie Cutrone, Harvey Tavel, Mario Montez, Lou Reed, Louis Waldon, Leee Black Childers.
1980: ANDY WARHOL HIRES JAY SHRIVER.
Shriver became one of Warhol's painting assistants. (DD48)
AUTUMN 1980: HOLLY WOODLAWN RETURNS TO NEW YORK.
HOLLY WOODLAWN left Florida, flew back to New York, and got a job as coat-check girl at LEWIS FREEDMANs club S.N.A.F.U. (meaning situation normal: all fouled up).
Holly visited Andy at the Factory and he took a photograph of her cock with his Polaroid camera. Eventually, she revived her cabaret act, performing at SNAFU. On opening night, unable to get a cab, she hitchhiked to the club and made a dramatic entrance in the back of a white pick up truck. (HW291-2)
1980: JOE DALLESANDRO LEAVES EUROPE.
Joe Dallesandro moved back to New York to try to get his life together and to quit taking drugs and alcohol.
Dallesandro moved in with his father whose method for detoxing him was to feed him booze until he fell down in order to prevent him from feeling the pain of drug withdrawal.
Joes biological mother was also having problems and contacted Joe. She wanted to move from Seattle where she was now living to Oakland to be near her two children from her second marriage. Together Joe and his mother drove to Oakland in a trailer drinking their troubles into oblivion.
I think we were doing about a half gallon of vodka per day... and that was just for the afternoon. Later on wed have another half gallon to try and finish for the evening.(JOE30)
NOV. 1980: ANDY WARHOL MEETS JON GOULD.
Andy Warhol & Jon Gould
Andy Warhol met twenty-seven year old JON GOULD through Chris Makos. Chris had met Gould at the baths although he neglected to tell Warhol that at the time. After JED JOHNSON split up with Warhol, Gould became Warhol's boyfriend. (BC439)
Jon Gould broke up with Warhol in September 1985 . Towards the end of their relationship, Andy started seeing a nineteen year old named Sam Bolton who Warhol gave a job to as Fred Hughes' assistant. (DD52) Sam denied ever having sex with Andy. It is unknown whether Warhol ever had sex with Gould, although Gould did stay with Andy in his townhouse.
Sam Bolton, Dolly Parton & Andy Warhol
DEC. 21, 1980: ANDY WARHOL AND JED JOHNSON BREAK UP.
The day after Andy split up with Jed Johnson, he asked Brigid Berlin to send Jon Gould a dozen red roses at his office. When Jon rang to thank him, Warhol instructed Brigid to send Jon a dozen roses every day. After two weeks, Gould asked his friend Chris Makos to "get Andy to stop; the roses were embarrassing him at work." (BC438-9)
DEC. 25, 1980: GREGORY BATTCOCK DIES.
The body of GREGORY BATTCOCK - art professor, critic, columnist, and star of HORSE - was found on the balcony of his tenth floor condominium apartment in San Juan, Puerto Rico. He had been stabbed 102 times. (He had a reputation for picking up rough trade.) (DB404)
BEGINNING 1981: LOU REED CLEANS UP.
Lou went to twelve step fellowships - NA and AA - to help him give up drugs. (LR322)
1981: JOE DALLESANDRO CLEANS UP.
Joe moved to LA and stopped drinking by going to AA meetings. He worked as a chauffeur for a sedan-limo service and tried to revive his acting career. (JOE30)
MARCH 1981: BOB COLACELLO HIRES DORIA REAGAN.
BOB COLACELLO hired RONALD REAGAN'S daughter in law, Doria, as his secretary. Her husband, Ron Reagan was a ballet dancer with the Joffrey and his "salary was a pittance". (BC450)
MARCH 1981: FRED HUGHES ATTACKS ANDY WARHOL.
FRED HUGHES attacked Andy Warhol in Paris where Fred, Andy and Bob Colacello had gone to attend Nelson Seabra's Red Ball. (BC455)
ca. JUNE 1981: ANDY WARHOL GETS PNEUMONIA.
Andy Warhol was diagnosed with "walking pneumonia" by his doctor, Dr. Cox. (BC441) FRED HUGHES and BOB COLACELLO went on a planned promotional trip for INTERVIEW magazine to the West Coast without Warhol. Fred Hughes' erratic behaviour became increasingly noticeable.(BC454)
1981: HOLLY WOODLAWN STARS IN ORTON'S PLAY.
HOLLY WOODLAWN appeared as Geraldine in Joe Ortons What the Butler Saw with porn star HARRY REEMS, but the show flopped. Not long afterward, she was offered the part of Googie Gomez in an off-Broadway production of The Ritz, also starring another porn star CAL CULVER, but the show ran out of money in the first week and closed before officially opening.
1981: HOLLY WOODLAWN PLAYS MARIA IN THE SOUND OF MUZAK.
After a successful cameo appearance in Trojan Women, Holly starred as Maria in a satirical version of the Sound of Music, re-titled the Sound of Muzak, produced by the same people who did Trojan Women. The venue was the basement of Club 57.
Other cast members included MICHAEL MUSTO playing Sister Sledge and LENNY DEAN playing Sister Boogie Boogie Woman. Also in the cast was JOHN SEX and WENDY WILD. Shortly afterwards, Holly Woodlawn appeared in Tinseltown Tirade on Off-Broadway. (HW293-4)
DEC. 1981: NANCY REAGAN APPEARS ON THE COVER OF INTERVIEW.
MARCH 11, 1982: ANDY WARHOL WRITES JED JOHNSON OUT OF HIS WILL. (DD111)
1982: ANDY WARHOL DOES TV.
Warhol produced and appeared in three cable television series during the eighties. Andy Warhol's Fashion was shown on Manhattan Cable, Andy Warhol's TV was shown on the the Madison Square Garden Network and Andy Warhol's Fifteen Minutes was shown on MTV. Warhol died before the last episode of Andy Warhol's Fifteen Minutes was finished.
SEPT. 2, 1982: TOM BAKER DIES.
Tom Baker, who starred in I, A MAN died of drug poisoning in the arms of friends... in a shooting gallery for drug addicts in a burned-out Lower east Side building on his birthday. (UV251)
OCTOBER 2, 1982: PAUL AMERICA DIES
Paul America died after being hit by a car while walking down the road on his way home from a dental appointment on October 19, 1982 in Ormond Beach, Florida. (RH1)
1982: HOLLY WOODLAWN ATTEMPTS SUICIDE.
Holly took an overdose of pills, depressed by the aids-related death of her friend VINCENT NASSO. Woodlawn phoned her friend Joyce who took her to St. Vincents Hospital where they pumped out her stomach. She then checked into a clinic for alcoholics for a week and went into therapy.
Holly stopped using drugs on a regular basis and made cameo appearances - about twice a year - usually at Limelight where she was paid at the most, fifty dollars. (HW295)
MARCH 1983: JON GOULD MOVES IN WITH ANDY WARHOL.
Although Gould moved in to Warhol's townhouse, he also maintained a separate residence. He was back and forth between Los Angeles and New York and by March 1985 stayed with Warhol only on business trips from L.A. (PT95)
MAY 1983: MICKEY RUSKIN DIES.
Mickey Ruskin, the owner of Max's Kansas City, died of a heart attack, complicated by cocaine addiction, at the age of fifty. (DB404)
AUTUMN 1983: JEAN MICHEL BASQUIAT MOVES INTO A WARHOL PROPERTY.
Jean Michel Basquiat, who was working on artistic collaborations with Warhol, moved into a two-story building on Great Jones owned by Warhol. The rent was $4,000 a month, which Basquiat often paid late "partly because he was extravagant with money and also because he had developed a $1,000 a week cocaine habit." (DB392)
JAN. 1984: ELEANOR WARD DIES.
Warhol's first New York art dealer, ELEANOR WARD, died at the age of seventy-five. (DB403)
1984: JOE DALLESANDRO DOES THE COTTON CLUB.
JOE DALLESANDRO was cast as Lucky Luciano in Francis Ford Coppolas The Cotton Club and got various supporting roles in both films and television in Los Angeles where he had been working as a limo driver. (JOE30)
ca. 1984: ANDY WARHOL DOES MUSIC VIDEOS. (UW75)
"Andy wanted us to be producing not only the TV show, but camera-for-hire projects, like fashion-promo videos and music videos. Our first big music video job was with the band The Cars. Andy co-directed the video with Don Munroe with me as the producer. Don directed Ric Ocasek's solo song, called True to You. We did other music videos for Miguel Bose, Laura Donna Berte, Walter Steding, and Curiosity Killed the Cat." (UW76)
AUGUST 1984: TRUMAN CAPOTE DIES.
Truman Capote died one month before his sixtieth birthday, his body ravaged by years of drug and alcohol abuse. (DB 403)
DEC. 3, 1984: THE FACTORY MOVES FOR THE LAST TIME.
December 3rd was the first day of work at the final Factory - which had been re-located from 860 Broadway to an old Con Edison Factory on Madison Avenue between 32nd and 33rd Street. (L&D457) Warhol purchased the new building earlier in the year for $1.2 million and over a six month period, moved offices to the new building.(DB392)
To purchase the new building Warhol took out a mortgage "for the first time in his life, even though he already owned five substantial properties: the houses on East 66th Street and 89th and Lexington, another on the Bowery, the Montauk compound, and forty empty acres in Carbondale, Colorado." (BC459)
JAN. 3, 1985: CHAMPAGNE OPENS.
Jackie Curtis' play, Champagne opened at La MaMa. Jackie played lead character, Piper Heidsig. (MA)
1985: CAMPBELL'S HIRES ANDY WARHOL.
The Campbell Soup Company hired ANDY WARHOL to produce a series of paintings of their dry soup mixes. (DB322)
FEB. 1985: INGRID SUPERSTAR TRIES TO CALL ANDY WARHOL.
INGRID SUPERSTAR phoned Andy Warhol collect, but he refused to take the call. (AWD631)
"The other day a call came collect from Ingrid Superstar. I didn't take it. I mean, if she's still calling collect... I couldn't face hearing about her life - kids/no kids, married/not married." (AWD631)
MAY 15, 1985: JACKIE CURTIS DIES OF DRUG OVERDOSE.
JACKIE CURTIS died of an accidental heroin overdose at the age of 38. Both Jackie's wake and his funeral mass were held in Manhattan. His wake was at a funeral home on 2nd Avenue and 21st Street and his funeral mass was at St. Ann's Church. (J)
Jackie Curtis on YouTube at:
Jackie was laid out in his coffin as a man - unlike Candy Darling who was dressed as a woman when buried. Jackie Curtis' corpse wore a dark suit with his hair slicked back and a big white flower on his lapel. Photographs of Jackie in drag were arranged on a table and inside the casket were various show business momentos and a plaque that said John Holder, a.k.a. Jackie Curtis.
Cast members from the Theater of the Ridiculous attended, as well as every weirdo and junkie off Avenue D, but neither Warhol nor Paul Morrissey showed up. Instead they sent flowers.
As the pallbearers were taking out the casket, the woman who was doing heroin with Jackie on the night she died started sobbing uncontrollably and screamed out Oh, God, please forgive me! Oh, God, Jackie! Please! I didnt mean it. Im so sorry. Im so sorry. (HW295-7)
A friend of Jackie Curtis said that at Jackie's wake, "friends filled his casket with photographs and momentos of his career, packs of Kool cigarettes, a magic wand, a cocktail shaker full of martinis, and sprinkled his face and body with glitter. Later, after the funeral, friends covered his burial mound with so much red glitter that it was visible in the distance from the highway." (JCC)
LATE SUMMER 1985: ANDY WARHOL MEETS SAM BOLTON.
Andy Warhol met SAM BOLTON at a charity ball in Newport, Rhode Island. Sam was 19 years old, Andy almost 57. Sam was hired as Fred Hughes' assistant and moved to New York in September, becoming Andy's companion although Sam denied ever having sex with Warhol. (DD51)
AUGUST 1985: TED CAREY DIES.
TED CAREY, "Andy's longtime gallery going and shopping companion," died of an AIDS-related illness at the age of fifty-three - a week before the first and only exhibition of Carey's faux naif paintings opened at an East Hampton gallery. (DB403)
OCTOBER 12, 1985: THE LOVE BOAT IS BROADCAST.
The Love Boat episode (#200), in which Andy Warhol appeared, was broadcast for the first time, having been filmed in March 1985. (DB398)
Ted Lange and Andy Warhol
in The Love Boat
OCTOBER 30, 1985: ANDY WARHOL FLIPS HIS WIG.
While signing copies of his newly published America book at a Rizzoli bookstore in the Soho area of Manhattan, Andy Warhol's wig was pulled off his head by a woman who threw it to a friend who escaped from the store. The woman was held until the police were called, but no charges were pressed. Fortunately, the Calvin Klein coat that Warhol was wearing had a hood which he used to cover his head while he continued to sign books. (AWD689)
"I guess I can't put off talking about it any longer. Okay, let's get it over with. Wednesday. The day my biggest nightmare came true... I'd been signing America books for an hour or so when this girl in line handed me hers to sign and then she - did what she did... I don't know what held me back from pushing her over the balcony. She was so pretty and well-dressed. I guess I called her a bitch or something and asked how she could do it. But it's okay, I don't care - if a picture gets published, it does. There were so many people with cameras. Maybe it'll be on the cover of Details, I don't know... It was so shocking. It hurt. Physically... And I had just gotten another magic crystal which is supposed to protect me and keep things like this from happening..." (AWD689)
NOV. 30, 1985: GERI MILLER CALLS ANDY WARHOL.
GERI MILLER, star of TRASH, telephoned Andy Warhol from a women's shelter, screaming racist remarks to a nearby policeman and a social worker.
According to her, she was diagnosed with schizophrenia. One moment she told people that MARIO CUOMO was her father and then that MOHAMMAD ALI was her father.
Andy described her in his diaries as "A Jewish girl who came from New Jersey - in her TRASH days she was our most sensible superstar - then in the seventies she suddenly got crazy. One day she was very down to earth, worrying about her toplesss dancing career, and then the next week she showed up barefoot at 860 [the Factory], saying that the Mafia gave her LSD because she knew too much!" (AWD696)
JAN. 1, 1986: ROBERT SCULL DIES.
Pop and minimalist art collector ROBERT C. SCULL died of diabetes (complicated by unprescribed drug use) at the age of seventy. (DB403)
JAN. 22, 1986: TINKERBELLE DIES.
TINKERBELLE (aka Tinkerbell), a "sixties Warholette and regular contributor to Interview" jumped out of a fifth floor window to her death. (UV251) A short biography of Tinkerbelle appears can be found at: http://www.warholstars.org/tinkerbelle.html.
JUNE 29, 1986: MARIO AMAYA DIES.
Magazine editor and museum director, MARIO AMAYA, who was the other person shot by VALERIE SOLANAS at the Factory, died in London of AIDS related illnesses at the age of fifty-two. (UV249/DB404)
SEPT. 1986: JON GOULD DIES.
Andy Warhol's ex-boyfriend, JON GOULD died of AIDS related pneumonia, salmonella bacteremia and cryptococcal meningitis in Los Angeles. A year earlier he had made a pilgrimage to Nepal with the hope of finding a way to allay the disease. (UV250-1/DB404/AWD760)
WEDNESDAY, FEB. 4, 1987: ANDY WARHOL LEARNS OF INGRID SUPERSTAR'S DISAPPEARANCE.
After making her final film with Warhol - San Diego Surf - Ingrid left the Factory and eventually moved in with her mother. She disappeared in December 1986 and is presumed dead:
Callie Angell (Andy Warhol Screen Tests: The Films of Andy Warhol Catalogue Raisonne (Vol. 1) (NY: Abrams in association with the Whitney Museum of American Art, 2006)):
"In addition to her talents as a film comedienne, Ingrid Superstar also wrote short poems and prose pieces, which were occasionally published, and sometimes gave public readings from her Trip Book. Warhol thought 'her poems were good, really good, half poetry and half comedy.' In later years, Ingrid Von Scheven fell on hard times, struggling with a drug problem and eventually ending up in Kingston, New York, where she worked in a sweater factory. She disappeared one day in December 1986, after leaving her apartment to buy cigarettes. although the Kingston police announced 'there's a clear possiblity of foul play and we are intensifying our investigation,' she was never found. She was forty-two years old at the time of her disappearance." (AD197)
Warhol apparently learned of her disappearance through the New York Post newspaper.
Andy Warhol (Wed., Feb. 4, 1987):
"And the Post had a picture of Ingrid Superstar with a big story: 'Warhol Star Vanishes.' I thought she was going to be at the reunion Billy Name is setting up. I wonder if Gerard gave this to the papers just to get his name in. Brigid never even told me they called about her. I would've cared that Ingrid was missing. People magazine had been calling because they're doing a story on Ivy Nicholson and they wanted me to give a quote and for her. I did tell Brigid to tell People we'd "never heard of her," but that was only because it was Ivy - Ingrid I would've cared about. But I bet something did happen to her. It said she went out for a pack of cigarettes and never came back. This is in upstate New York." (AWD800)
The reference Warhol makes to the reunion that Billy Name was setting up refers to a telephone conversation he had with Billy the previous week.
Andy Warhol (Mon., Jan. 26, 1987):
"Got home and at 12:00 the phone rang and it was Billy Name. Have I forgotten to say that he's been calling? He's up there in Poughkeepsie and he's organizing a sixties reunion and he has like three jobs up there, deputy sheriff and everything, and he was just chattering away - 'You know how deeply I love you, honey' - about how Gerard is coming up and Ingrid Superstar and how I'd be picked up and taken to Stephen Shore's house - he works at Bard College now - and all this stuff. But I'm going to just have to tell Billy that I can't face the past. And I'd walked into the house and didn't look where I stepped and so I was talking to him with dog poop all over my shoes." (AWD798)
SAT. FEB. 14, 1987: ANDY WARHOL HAS A PAIN.
On February 14th, Andy Warhol rang his dermatologist, KAREN BURKE, about a pain in his right side that he had had for awhile. He had been in a lot of pain in Italy the previous month while there for a show of his Last Supper paintings.
Andy had been seeing Burke for collagen treatments to reduce his facial lines. He asked her for some Demerol, but she said she would only give him Tylenol with codeine provided that he went to see Dr. Clement Barone for a sonogram of his right side. Andy had the sonogram, but also took two Demerol that he happened to have with him. Dr. Barone told him his gallbladder was enlarged and he needed to see his doctor, Denton Cox. Andy, trying to avoid going to the hospital, did not call Dr. Cox. Even when the pain became so severe that he did finally see Dr. Cox, Andy refused to go into hospital when Cox told him he must have an operation. Eventually, Warhol had no choice - the pain was too great and he agreed to have the operation. (DD62-5)
SUNDAY FEB. 22, 1987 6:31 AM: ANDY WARHOL DIES.
One of the last photos taken of Andy Warhol. Five days
before his death he participated in a celebrity fashion
show at the Tunnel nightclub which also featured Miles
Davis. Warhol was in a considerable amount of pain
from his gallbladder during the show.
Warhol had checked in to room number 1204 of New York Hospital's Baker Pavillion under the name of Bob Roberts, listing his next of kin as FRED HUGHES. (DD5-10) Although the gallbladder operation went fine, Warhol died early in the morning - on Billy Name's birthday - from an unexpected heart attack. According to Vincent Fremont, Andy "was just getting back into filmmaking at the time of his death." (UW74)
From Warhol by David Bourdon:
"Warhol's surgery was performed on Saturday, February 21, between 8:45 a.m. and 12:10 p.m. The operation went smoothly, and the gallbladder - which proved to be gangrenous - was removed. He remained in stable condition as he spent three hours in a recovery room. At 3:45 p.m. he was taken to his own room. There, he was placed under the personal care of a private nurse who had been hired as a precaution on the recommendation of Dr. Cox, but selected by the hospital from a registry. Warhol was examined during the afternoon and again in the early evening by a senior attending physician, who noted nothing unusual. Alert and in good spirits, Andy watched television and, around 9:30 p.m. telephoned his housekeepers.
But as some point after midnight, Warhol's condition took a surprising turn for the worse. No one really knows what happened during the next four or five hours. According to later reports, the hospital's medical and nursing staffs neglected to look in on him periodically and to monitor his intravenous fluid intake and urinary output. No one adequately supervised the private-duty nurse, whose incomplete notes failed to record the patient's blood pressure, pulse rate, and other vital signs, as well as his dosages of morphine and other medications. as a result, Warhol's over hydration went unnoticed.
At 5:45 a.m. the private duty nurse, who later maintained she had been reading her Bible in Warhol's room, noticed that her patient had turned blue - he was cyanotic due to insufficient oxygen in his blood, and his pulse was feeble. Unable to waken him she contacted the floor nurse who in turn summoned an emergency cardiac team. They tried to resuscitate him but had difficulty inserting a tube in his windpipe because rigor mortis was already setting in. The team worked for close to an hour but all attempts to revive him failed. Warhol was pronounced dead at 6:31 a.m. on February 22, 1987." (DB408-9)
The Washington Post's article on the death of Andy Warhol is at:
After Warhol died, the District Attorney investigated his death and concluded there was no evidence of criminal responsibility. However, the New York State Department of Health also investigated and concluded that "the active medical staff of the hospital did not assure the maintenance of the proper quality of all medication and treatment provided to patient." (DD96) Warhol's estate brought a wrongful-death lawsuit against the hospital which was settled out of court for $3 million. The money, less the legal fees, went to Warhol's two brothers as part of a deal to guarantee that they would not contest Andy's will in which he left them $250,000.00.
Warhol's estate was eventually decided by the courts to be worth, conservatively, over half a billion dollars: $509,979,278.00. (DD257) The Warhol Foundation contested this figure in court and it was eventually reduced to $228 million. (AWM13) It was to the Foundation's advantage to have a lower evaluation of Warhol's paintings because it meant they would have to pay less in legal fees to the attorney for the estate who was on a percentage of 2.5% of the value of the estate. (DD116) Also, The Foundation was legally obligated to award 5 percent of its assets for charitable grants and a lower valuation meant that they would have to pay out less money. (DD)
In order to back up their legal challenge for a lesser evaluation, the Foundation argued in court that Warhol was not as great an artist as some independent experts believed him to be. Art dealer Andre Emmerich testified for the Foundation that Warhol's work was likely to fade into obscurity because the subjects of his paintings (Marilyn Monroe, Elvis etc...) would eventually be forgotten. The Foundation paid Emmerich $4,000 a day to testify plus $3,500 for preparatory work. (DD251)
Warhol had stipulated in his will that the Foundation's directors should be Fred Hughes, Vincent Fremont and John Warhola. In 1988, Fred Hughes hired Arch Gilles as a consultant to the Foundation. Gilles, who was president of the World Policy Institute, took the job even though he admitted that he knew nothing about art. (DD138). He became president of the Foundation in March 1990. (DD154) Under Gilles, the daily running costs of the Foundation increased from $400,000 to $5 million a year. When Gilles first became president, the Foundation's bank balance was $25 million. After three years of his presidency, only $6 million remained. (DD259)
Fred Hughes resigned from the Foundation on February 11, 1992 after being told by the Board of Directors that if he didn't resign, he would be voted out. Hughes had been critical of the Foundation to the press and the Board wanted him out. (DD193)
Andy Warhol's Grave (2006)
(Photo: Pierre Skene)
FEBRUARY 26, 1987: ANDY WARHOL IS BURIED.
Andy Warhol was buried in St. John the Baptist Byzantine Cemetery, just outside of Pittsburgh.
A wake for Warhol was held the previous day, Wednesday, after preparation of the body by the Thomas P. Kunsak Funeral Home in Pittsburgh. Andy's corpse wore a "simple black cashmere suit, a paisley tie, one of his platinum wigs and sunglasses. He held in his hands, which lay clasped together on his chest, a black prayer book and a single red rose."
There were no celebrities or socialites at the funeral. Fred Hughes had told anyone who enquired about the funeral that the Warhola family only wanted family members to attend. However, the Warhola family had never made such a request. A small contingent of Factory employees were allowed to go and it included PAIGE POWELL, PAT HACKETT, SAM BOLTON, JAY SHRIVER, VINCENT FREMONT, SHELLY FREMONT and BRIGID BERLIN (who was in London at the time of Warhol's death, but flew back to the states as soon as she was notified). (DD117)
APRIL 1, 1987: ANDY WARHOL HAS A MASS ON APRIL FOOLS DAY.
Warhol's memorial mass was held at St. Patrick's Cathedral.
BILLY NAME attended the all-Catholic memorial service, "with all the associated hoi poloi, and magazine Vanity Fair covered the event. In their Warhol death article, they referred to Billy by writing and who should show up but Billy Name, the speed freak of the sixties. Billy was non plussed." (B)
HOLLY WOODLAWN attended the service but asked the cab to drop her off a few blocks away from the church to avoid the media. She was invited into the VIP section by FRED HUGHES but declined in order to avoid walking down the long aisle with people straining their necks to see who was coming in.
YOKO ONO read the eulogy even though, according to Holly, Andy never liked her in the first place. Holly skipped the luncheon afterwards preferring not to see the relics of her past, and instead escaped out of a side exit and went straight to Saks Fifth Avenue across the street where she bought enough makeup to paint the Statue of Liberty. (HW302)
At the postservice luncheon, with VELVET UNDERGROUND recordings playing in the background, BILLY NAME drew LOU REED and JOHN CALE into conversation with each other, easing the tension that existed between them since their musical break up. (LR365) They eventually collaborated on Songs for Drella, a tribute to Andy Warhol, which was released in April 1990 and eventually led to the Velvets getting back together. (LR370-1)
MAY 28, 1987: CHARLES LUDLAM DIES.
CHARLES LUDLAM, co-founder of the Ridiculous Theatrical Company, died of AIDs related pneumonia. (UV251)
JULY 23, 1987: STAR OF BLOW JOB DIES.
DeVerne Bookwalter (aka DeVeren Bookwalter) was the person who was being given the blow-job by Willard Maas (off-screen). (AD41) He died of stomach cancer at the age of 47 at St. Vincent's Hospital in New York. Surviving members of his family included his wife, acress Ruth Kidder, and a son in Manhattan, County Wilder Bookwalter. (NY Times obituary, July 31, 1987)
1987: MARY WORONOV VISITS ONDINE FOR THE LAST TIME.
Ondine was living with his mother in Queens, making money by showing Warhol films on the college circuit and talking about his Factory days. MARY WORONOV, who was living in Los Angeles pursuing her film/writing career, went to see him when he appeared at the Nuart cinema.
Mary thought that now that Ondine was "no longer surrounded by the fabulous chaotic speed freaks he seemed adrift on a desolate sea of uncomprehending faces. Ondine was older now and appeared very alone. Mary thought the audience might just see him as a ridiculous old fag. (MW150-1)
Ondine and Mary spoke to each other for a few moments after the lecture, but Mary's boyfriend was desperate to leave and so Ondine and Mary's conversation was short. It would be the last time that Mary would see Ondine alive.
NOV. 1987: ULTRA VIOLET CALLS VALERIE SOLANAS.
Ultra got Valerie's phone number from the Social Security office by pretending to be her sister. Solanas was living in northern California at the time. Ultra did not tell Valerie who she is, but asked her if she had written anything else since the SCUM manifesto.
When Valerie said no, Ultra asked her what she was doing now, she responded Nothing, then added Im not in this place under that name. Ultra asked what name she was using and Valerie told her "Onz Loh."
Valerie asked Ultra if she had a copy of the newspaper edition of the SCUM Manifesto, because she didn't have a copy anymore and the book edition was full of mistakes. (UV188/9) Ultra told her she didn't have a copy and then asked her:
Do you know that Andy Warhol died?
Valeries voice "perked up". No, I dont.
He died last February.
He went to the hospital for an operation and died two days later.
How do you feel about that that?
I dont feel anything. Say, can you write to the copyright office for a copy of the manifesto?
Ultra responded, Ill see," and then asked Valerie, "What happened to all the people in the sixties movement?
Do you remember Ultra Violet?
What happened to her?
She died too.
DECEMBER 1987: FIRST LICENSING DEAL WITH THE WARHOL FOUNDATION IS ANNOUNCED.
Andy Warhol and Roger L. Schlaifer,
President of Schlaifer Nance & Company, Inc.
at a company party at the Pierre Hotel in 1985
From the Pittsburgh Post-Gazette (17 December 1987):
"The estate of Andy Warhol has signed an agreement with the marketing company responsible for the phenomenal success of Cabbage Patch Kids dolls, giving the company exclusive rights to use the artist's name and works in products possibly ranging from sweaters and scarves to watches, calendars, datebooks and gift wrapping paper... The executor of the estate, Frederick Hughes, who was Warhol's longtime friend and manager, said negotiations had started two years ago between the artist and Schlaifer Nance & Co, the Atlanta-based licensing company... Under the terms of the contract, the licensing profits are to be split between the agency and the Andy Warhol Foundation for the Visual Arts, established after his death to aid artists and arts groups."
Warhol had initially met the president of the company, Roger L. Schlaifer, when Schlaifer commissioned Warhol to do portraits of the Cabbage Patch Kids. The 1987 licensing deal would, however, later end up in litigation during the 1990s.
Roger L. Schlaifer:
"We had a phenomenal comprehensive program ready to launch in Japan. The first product of which was fabulous perfume program with Shiseido called Angelique. It utilized Andy's 50s drawings of angels and was promoted with much of Warhol's greatest 50's work. We did a few Gold Books as calendars that won awards in Japan - and another fabulous celebrity and $$$ calendar that won awards in Germany."
APRIL 26, 1988: VALERIE SOLANAS DIES OF PNEUMONIA.
MAY 3, 1988: ANDY WARHOL'S POSSESSIONS ARE SOLD.
A ten day sale of Andys possessions at Sotheby's raised $25,313,238. It was the largest single collection sold at Sotheby's since it was founded in 1744. 60,000 people visited the auction house to view the collection over a ten day period which began on April 23rd. (DD131)
"When he passed and Sotheby's had this series of auctions of his personal collections, a lot of things never showed up that I know he had." (UW35)
JULY 18, 1988: NICO DIES.
NICO died in an Ibiza hospital a few hours after falling off a bicycle. A coroners report noted that she suffered a cerebral hemmorage. She was survived by her son ARI. (UV248/LR366)
Ari Delon [son of Nico and Alain Delon]:
"When my mother died, Alan Wise took me to the probate registry in order to inherit the royalties, and the debts. When I got my mum's royalties for the first time I spent the money on smack. I was hooked. I was taking a gram a day. So I called my psychiatric doctor in Paris and I spent two weeks in the hospital. I got off heroin... Now I'm trying to get back into myself. I'm not yet strong enough, but one day, when I am, I will confront my father and I will do it for the sake of my mother." (PM498)
LATE SUMMER 1988: FRED HUGHES GETS WORSE.
FRED HUGHES legs failed to function while he was on a hiking trip in Costa Rica. Several years previously he had been diagnosed as having multiple sclerosis which had remained in remission until now. (DD136)
MARCH 22, 1989: GINO PISERCHIO DIES
Pianist/composer GINO PISERCHIO (sometimes spelled Peschio), star of BEAUTY #2, died of AIDS. (VY142)
Paul Jasmine, Gino Piserchio & Unknown man
to: JULY 17, 1965: BEAUTY #2 OPENS
1989: ONDINE DIES.
Ondine died of liver disease in Queens. (MW151)
JULY 1989: STEVE RUBELL DIES.
Rubell died of complications from hepatitis and septic shock at Beth Israel Hospital in Manhattan. (SL61)
MARCH 26, 1990: HALSTON DIES OF AIDS.
Born Roy Halston Frowick in Des Moines, Iowa on April 23, 1932, Halston died of Kaposi's Sarcoma (AIDS related cancer) at the Pacific Medical Center in San Francisco. He had been in and out of the hospital since December while staying with his sister, Sue Watkins, in Santa Rosa California. In addition to his sister he was survived by two brothers, Robert and Donald Frowick. (http://www.highbeam.com/doc/1G1-8317028.html)
JUNE 1990: THE VELVET UNDERGROUND RE-UNITE.
The Cartier Foundation invited the original members of the VELVET UNDERGROUND, along with BILLY NAME, ULTRA VIOLET and DAVID BOURDON, to Jouy-en Josas in France, for the inauguration of the Andy Warhol Exposition where JOHN CALE and LOU REED were going to perform Songs for Drella. After a few songs from Drella, LOU REED surprised the invited audience journalists and arts people, by having STERLING MORRISON and MO TUCKER join them onstage for the first time since splitting up. They performed a seventeen minute version of Heroin. The band officially re-formed in February 1993 and agreed to do a short European tour. (LR396-98)
JULY 4, 1990: BEVERLY GRANT CONRAD DIES.
Beverly Grant Conrad, who appeared in Warhol's Batman Dracula and 13 Most Beautiful Women, died of cancer at the age of 54 in London Ohio. Beverly appeared in Warhol's films under her maiden name, Beverly Grant. She later married Tony Conrad, a pioneer in experimental film and music. Her ashes were spread at a nearby farm that she had hoped would be turned into a hospice for terminally ill cancer patients. (JRC)
JULY 14, 1991: JOHNNY DODD DIES OF AIDS.
Johnny Dodd (John P. Dodd) at his lighting board
(Photo: James D. Gossage)
Dodd did the lighting for the Caffe Cino and appeared in Kiss and Haircut No. 3. It was from Dodd's apartment that Freddy Herko jumped to his death in 1964.
His New York Times obituary can be found at: http://www.nytimes.com/1991/07/17/obituaries/john-p-dodd-is-dead-lighting-designer-50.html.
On 28 September, 2006 a "Coffeehouse Chronicle" event was held at LaMama to commemorate Dodd. (See: http://www.warholstars.org/news/january2006b.html)
OCTOBER 5, 1991: THE GRAND OPENING OF THE ANDY WARHOL MUSEUM OF MODERN ART IN MEDZILABORCE TAKES PLACE.
The museum is also known as the Warhol Family Museum of Modern Art.
Elaine Rusinko (Coordinator of Russian in the Modern Languages, Linguistics, and Intercultural Communication Dept. at the University of Maryland, Baltimore County):
"Andy Warhol never visited his parents' homeland during his lifetime, and his posthumous return was not easy... Six months after Andy's death, his brother John visited Slovakia for the first time, where he made contact with relatives in Miková and with Michal Bycko, the art teacher who discovered Warhol's Rusyn roots. Warhola was then vice-president of the Andy Warhol Foundation for the Visual Arts... Bycko asked Warhola if it might be possible to acquire some of Warhol's works for a gallery in Slovakia, and Warhola requested that Bycko arrange with a local gallery to enter into negotiations with the foundation for the donation of a painting or two by Warhol. But in those days of communist rule, this was not the gift it might seem to be. Of the invited institutions, not a single one had any interest in what they described as the 'bourgeois pseudo-artist Warhol and that dull pop art'... One official commented, 'An American is offering the pictures of his dead brother, a certain Andy Warhol, a bourgeois artist. The devil knows what consequences there might be?!' Another cultural official added 'Do you really know who this Warhol was?! What if he was a spy?'... Bycko recalls concerns that a Warhol museum in the area would be a CIA effort to obtain an outpost in the strategic location...
After more than a year of frustrating discussions, a plan was worked out with Medzilaborce town authorities in January 1989 to renovate the building of the former post office on the main town square for the museum, with a deadline for completion of August 1989. The deadline was not met... Corruption and construction delays continued, while the town authorities dawdled and seventeen hundred Medzilaborce residents submitted a petition to 'keep American homosexuals out'... The construction firm collapsed, the investment was lost, and the mayor of Medzilaborce announced an alternate resolution. The city council would make the cultural center, recently completed after twenty years of construction, available for the museum. The plaza in front of the cultural center would be designed in an 'Andy Warhol style,' and the name of the street on which it was located would be changed from 'Lenin Street' to 'Andy Warhol Street.' The interior of the museum was designed by Michal Cihlář and Rudo Prekop, who endeavored to transform 'the inflated socialist house of culture into an American museum'...
The grand opening of the museum took place on October 5, 1991, with an exhibit entitled "Andy Warhol in the Land of His Parents," which included thirteen original Warhol works donated for an indefinite period by the Andy Warhol Foundation for the Visual Arts... The exhibit included drawings by Andy's mother, paintings by Andy's brother Paul, who took up painting when he retired from the scrap metal business, and his nephew James, a professional illustrator and graphic artist.
The opening of the museum received broad press coverage and was televised on Czechoslovak national television, giving Rusyn Slovakia its moment in the sun." (ER21-25)
JANUARY 1992: BILLY NAME VISITS GERARD MALANGA.
Billy Name, now living in Poughkeepsie, New York visited GERARD MALANGA, now living 45 miles from Billy in Great Barrington. According to Gerard, Billy confessed that he "out of jealousy" crossed out Malanga's name from the photo-ready mechanical for Warhol's Index Book (1967) while Gerard was living in Rome. Previously, Malanga had always assumed that Andy had excised his credit from the book. (GMW130)
1994: ANDY WARHOL IS ELECTED.
Warhol was elected posthumously to the Art Directors Club Hall of Fame. (AWM60)
MAY 25, 1994: ARTIST JOE BRAINARD DIES OF AIDS
Warhol filmed a Screen Test of Brainard on March 3, 1965. (AD42) Some of Brainard's work incorporated the Nancy comic strip which Warhol had also appropriated in the early 1960s.
AUGUST 16, 1994: HENRY GELDZAHLER DIES OF AIDS. (BS381/VY129)
1995: STERLING MORRISON DIES OF CANCER.
1996: I SHOT ANDY WARHOL OPENS.
Directed by Mary Harron, with original music by John Cale, the film featured Jared Harris as Andy Warhol, Stephen Dorff as Candy Darling and Donovan Leitch (son of folk singer Donovan) as Gerard Malanga. Producer Christine Vachon kept a diary of the shooting of the film. Harron had interviewed Warhol in 1980 for Melody Maker magazine.
JULY 17, 1996: JED JOHNSON DIES.
JED JOHNSON, Andy Warhol's ex-boyfriend died in the TWA 800 plane crash en route from New York to Paris where he was going to check out fabrics as an interior designer. Since he was travelling first class he was killed instantly when the plane split in two from an electrical fire - unlike the passengers seated at the back of the plane who survived the initial explosion only to be catapulted to their death while fully conscious. (www.coupland.com/coupland/drool/00_01_07b.html)
NOVEMBER 11, 1996: RUFUS COLLINS DIES OF AIDS.
Rufus appeared in Couch, a Kiss film, Batman Dracula, Soap Opera and a Screen Test. He later went on to appear in numerous Hollywood films including The Rocky Horror Picture Show and The Hunger starring David Bowie. His cremated ashes are held by the Rocky Horror Preservation Foundation.
1997: THE ANDY WARHOL MUSEUM GETS THE FILMS.
The Andy Warhol museum acquired ownership of the rights to Andy Warhol's entire film and video work from the Andy Warhol Foundation of the Visual Arts. The museum's collection included 273 preserved Warhol films and almost 4000 videotapes.
JANUARY 2000: UP YOUR ASS OPENS.
Valerie Solanas' play Up Your Ass is finally given its world premiere in San Francisco, followed by a New York premiere at Performance Space 122 in February 2001.
JAN 14, 2001: FRED HUGHES DIES.
FRED HUGHES, Andy Warhol's business manager, died of complications from multiple sclerosis.
SEPT. 11, 2001: EMPIRE STATE BECOMES TALLEST BUILDING (AGAIN).
After terrorists flew two planes into the World Trade Center, the Empire State Building, star of Andy Warhol's film EMPIRE, once again became the tallest building in New York.
OCT. 2, 2001: PAT AST DIES.
Pat Ast was the overweight landlady of the motel that Joe Dallesandro's character stayed at in HEAT. She died of natural causes in West Hollywood. (NYT1)
DEC. 16, 2001: LESTER PERSKY DIES.
Persky was the man who introduced Warhol to both Baby Jane Holzer and Edie Sedgwick. He was a television/film producer whose credits included Taxi Driver and Shampoo. He died in Los Angeles.
MAY 15 - 26, 2002: HOLLY WOODLAWN IS FETED AT CANNES.
HOLLY WOODLAWN, JOE DALLESANDRO and PAUL MORRISSEY attended the Cannes Festival for a special tribute to Paul Morrissey.
SEPT. 7, 2002: CYRINDA FOXE DIES.
CYRINDA FOXE (born Kathleen Hetzekian) appeared in Andy Warhol's BAD. She died of a cancerous brain tumor in New York. (IMDB)
SEPT. 27, 2002: CHARLES HENRI FORD DIES.
CHARLES HENRI FORD , editor during the 1940s of View magazine, died at the age of 94 while recovering from a fall.
Andy Warhol met Charles Henri Ford at a party given by actress Ruth Ford in the early sixties. Warhol and Ford became friends and attended underground movie screenings together. Ford also introduced Warhol to Gerard Malanga and was with Malanga and Warhol when Warhol bought his first movie camera at Peerless Camera in New York.
OCT. 18, 2002: RICHARD BERNSTEIN DIES.
Richard Bernstein, whose celebrity portraits appeared on the covers of Interview magazine, died at the age of 62 at his home in Manhattan. According to his friend, Lester Glassner, Bernstein died of complications from AIDS. (http://www.arizonarepublic.com/arizona/articles/1103deaths03.html)
Bernstein made a brief appearance in the documentary about Brigid Berlin - Pie In The Sky (2000). In the film, Brigid came across him outside the Chelsea Hotel (where he continued to live) while she was being interviewed.
A photograph of Richard Bernstein painting a
Times Square billboard from the December
1974 issue of Interview magazine.
(photo: Bill King)
JAN. 2004: HOLLY WOODLAWN IS HOSPITALISED.
HOLLY WOODLAWN was admitted to intensive care after complications developed from an operation on a broken arm and shoulder resulting from a fall. Her doctors warned her that she must stay away from alcohol. The New York Post incorrectly reported that she was in a coma.
FEB. 2004: STEPHEN SPROUSE DIES.
Fashion designer STEPHEN SPROUSE, featured on Andy Warhol's Fifteen Minutes television show, died of lung cancer at the age of fifty. A private ceremony was held by close friends who covered his coffin with graffiti style messages and then left a permanent ink marker in his coffin so that he could "forever write graffiti, no matter where he is." (www.statepress.com)
APRIL 2, 2004: SUPERSTAR IN A HOUSEDRESS WORLD PREMIERE.
Craig Highberger's documentary on Jackie Curtis, Superstar in a Housedress, has its world premiere as part of the London Lesbian and Gay Film Festival in England.
AUGUST 14, 2004: THE RETURN OF HOLLY WOODLAWN.
After surviving intensive care Holly Woodlawn makes a comeback, performing her cabaret act at the Fez Under Time cafe in New York.
NOVEMBER 16, 2004: THE ANDY WARHOL BRIDGE.
The Allegheny County Council renames the Seventh Street Bridge in Pittsburgh after Andy Warhol.
DECEMBER 2004: IVY NICHOLSON MAKES A MOVIE.
Ivy Nicholson returns to Manhattan to direct her movie, The Dead Life.
DECEMBER 17, 2004: TOM WESSELMAN DIES.
Pop artist Tom Wesselman died at the age of 73 after complications following heart surgery.
DECEMBER 28, 2004: SUSAN SONTAG DIES.
Susan Sontag died of leukemia at the Memorial Sloan-Kettering Cancer Center in Manhattan at the age of 71.
JANUARY 2, 2005: THE DEAD LIFE IS SCREENED.
Ivy Nicholson's film The Dead Life is screened at the Gershwin Hotel in New York.
JANUARY 7, 2005: SUZIE FRANKFURT DIES.
Suzi Frankfurt, who collaborated with Andy Warhol on Wild Raspberries, died at the Hebrew Home for the Aged at Riverdale, in the Bronx. She was 73 years old. She had moved to the Home for the Aged several years ago, from Norfolk, Connecticut, after treatment for a brain tumor.
JANUARY 25, 2005: PHILIP JOHNSON DIES.
Architect Philip Johnson died at the age of 98 in his famous glass house in Connecticut.
JUNE 12, 2005: DAVID WHITNEY DIES.
Whitney died of lung and bone cancer at the age of 66.
APRIL 2006: THE FIRST VOLUME OF THE ANDY WARHOL FILM CATALOGUE RAISONNE IS PUBLISHED.
Volume 1 of The Films of Andy Warhol Catalogue Raisonné by Callie Angell was published by Harry N. Abrams, Inc., focusing on Andy Warhol's Screen Tests.
23 MARCH 2009: RONALD TAVEL DIES.
Ronald Tavel died on Monday, March 23, 2009 while returning home to Bangkok from a planning session for the "LIVE FILM! JACK SMITH! Five Flaming Days in a Rented World" festival in Berlin which took place October 28 - November 1, 2009.
8 JUNE 2009: PAUL MORRISSEY IS HIT BY A U-HAUL VAN.
Paul survived the hit-and-run attempt but the driver of the rented van was never found.
DECEMBER 13, 2009: A MEMORIAL TAKES PLACE IN NEW YORK FOR RONALD TAVEL.
Organized by Callie Angell, the memorial took place at the Anthology Film Archives in New York.
MAY 2010: CALLIE ANGELL DIES.
The body of Callie Angell, the author of the first volume of the Andy Warhol catalogue raisonné, was found in her New York apartment on Wednesday, May 5th. The death was reported as "suicide." She had apparently left a note behind.
SEPTEMBER 18, 2010: JILL JOHNSTON DIES.
Johnston was well-known for her Village Voice columns which initially focused on dance but later expanded to covering events in her life in general. She was also known for her often alcohol fuelled appearances at panel discussions, art openings and parties and was admitted to Bellevue at least twice for mental problems.
Warhol's films of Johnston included a series of short films, Jill Johnston Dancing and Jill and Freddy Dancing.
JULY 26, 2013: RONNIE CUTRONE DIES.
The former Warhol art assistant and the divorced husband of fashion publicist and TV host, Kelly Cutrone, died of "natural causes." His previous struggle with heroin and other recreational drugs is documented in the book Can't Find My Way Home: America in the Great Stoned Age, 1945-2000. His New York Times obituary can be found at: http://www.nytimes.com/2013/07/26/arts/design/ronnie-cutrone-a-warhol-assistant-dies-at-65.html.
SEPTEMBER 25, 2013: HARVEY TAVEL DIES.
Harvey died at his home in Florida. He was Ronald Tavel's brother. His Warhol films included Hedy (February 1966), The Life of Juanita Castro (January 1965) and Horse (March 1965). He also directed many of his brother's plays. He is survived by his husband, opera aficionado Norman R. Glick.
SEPTEMBER 26, 2013: MARIO MONTEZ DIES.
Montez (René Rivera) was one of Jack Smith's "superstars" who went on to appear in a number of Warhol films, including The Chelsea Girls - see "names." Always reticent to be identified in real life as a transvestite superstar (he went on to work at Disney World in Florida), he finally came out of hiding in honour of Ronald Tavel and Jack Smith for the “LIVE FILM! JACK SMITH! Five Flaming Days in a Rented World!” festival in Berlin organized by Marc Siegel. See: http://artforum.com/passages/id=43473
OCTOBER 27, 2013: LOU REED DIES.
Reed died of liver disease. He had received a liver transplant in April.
DECEMBER 6, 2013: LOUIS WALDON DIES.
Louis Waldon, star of Flesh, Lonesome Cowboys and Blue Movie, died in Los Angeles. According to the New York Times he died on Friday, December 6, 2013. The obituary can be found at: http://www.nytimes.com/2013/12/11/movies/louis-waldon-actor-in-warhol-films-dies-at-78.html.
APRIL 6, 2014: LEEE BLACK CHILDERS DIES.
According to a friend of Childers, he died of a stroke after arriving in Los Angeles to attend an exhibition of his photographs. His New York Times obituary can be found at: http://www.nytimes.com/2014/04/11/arts/leee-black-childers-photographer-of-counterculture-dies-at-68.html.
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